COMPARATIVE INVESTIGATION OF CALCIUM OXALATE CRYSTALS RELATED TO STARCH STORAGE IN THREE VARIETIES OF DIOSCOREA ALATA LINN. OF WAYANAD DISTRICT
Yam is one of the staple foods for several people, used as various forms such as flour and starchy paste. It is locally available, a rich source of starch, so tubers of Dioscorea ensure rural food security. The member of the family Dioscoreaceae is found throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. Calcium oxalate crystals and missile like raphides are reported in many Yam spec...
Molecular Beacons (MBs) are DNA hairpins that are widely used as fluorescent probes. The inherent signal transduction mechanism let them differentiate between target and non-target oligonucleotides that differ even on a single base. The stem-loop structure consists of donor and acceptor moieties conjugated to both ends thus lying nearby, which leads to FRET. On hybridization to target sequences th...
CHARACTERIZATION OF PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES OF CITRUS AURANTIFOLIA (KAGOJI LEBU) AVAILABLE IN BANGLADESH AND ITS PROTECTIVE EFFECTS AGAINST EXPERIMENTALLY INDUCED MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN RATS
Plants and fruits have medicinal purposes, and they are being used long before the prehistoric period. Among the different varieties of citrus fruits, Citrus aurantifolia (Kagoji labu) is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions around the World. It is one of the major citrus fruits and widely consumed, but there is limited evidence about its health-promoting properties. In the present study...
ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGAL DIVERSITY AND ROOT COLONIZATION OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS RHIZOSPHERE SOIL OF VRIDDHACHALAM, TAMIL NADU.
The present study was to analyze the occurrence of mycorrhizal diversity in 20 medicinal plants of Vriddhachalam, Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu and to explore for structures correlated to the possible functional position of the symbiosis. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal colonization ranged from 24-81%. The highest infection was found in Justicia gendarussa and lowest in Naregamia alata. AM fungal s...
DRUG USE EVALUATION OF ARTEMETHER-LUMEFANTRINE (COARTEM®) FOR FALCIPARUM MALARIA IN KARA MARA HOSPITAL, JI-JIGA TOWN, FAFAN ZONE, EASTERN ETHIOPIA
Background: Malaria remains the most common public health problem in developing countries and is the number one cause of morbidity and mortality especially in children below five years of age. Since, November 2006, Coartem® an artemisinin combination therapy containing artemether-lumefantrine replaced sulphadoxine/ pyrimethamine as the first-line drug for treatment of uncomplicated malaria in dev...
The traditional Indian medicine - Ayurveda, describes various herbs, fats, oils and minerals with anti-aging as well as wound healing properties. Wounds are the result of injuries to the skin that disrupt the soft tissue. Wound healing can be defined as a complex dynamic process results in the restoration of anatomic continuity and function. Various plant products have been used in the treatment o...
LC/MS IDENTIFICATION OF PHYTOCONSTITUENTS OF THE METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF THE AERIAL PARTS OF ANTIGONON LEPTOPUS (HOOK & ARN)
Antigonon leptopus Hook & Arn (family Polygonaceae), also called: Chain of love, Queen’sWreath, and Mexican creeper is a fast-growing vine with stems reaching up to 20 feet long. It has heart-shaped, green leaves climbing by tendrils which wrap around many types of supports. It is native to Mexico and commonly found in tropical Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, and the Americas. It possesses anti...
Herbal formulation is a dosage form consisting of one or more herbs or processed herbs(s) in specified quantities to provide specific nutritional, cosmetic benefits, and/or other benefits meant for use to diagnose treat, mitigate disease of human beings or animals and / or to alter the structure or physiology of human beings or animals. The world health organization (WHO) estimates that 80% of the...
Ulcers are a breach in the mucosa of the alimentary tract that extends through the muscularis mucosae into the submucosa or deeper. They can occur in any portion of the gastrointestinal tract exposed to the excessive amount of acid-peptic juices. Prevalence of peptic ulcer is approximately 11% to 14% for men and 8% to 11% for women during the age of 30 to 50 years. The occurrence of peptic ulcer i...
Tinospora cordifolia (T. col.), a plant which has great significance in the Ayurvedic system of medicine, has been tested according to modern medical techniques for numerous therapeutic effects like immunomodulation, reducing tumor cells, purification of blood, reducing fatty lipids from body, reduction of glucose and increasing glucose tolerance in case of diabetes and increasing body weight. T. ...