Rapid industrialization and modernization have introduced substantial amounts of toxic heavy metals into the aquatic and terrestrial environment which possess a severe threat to flora and fauna. In recent years, considerable research work has been done and is currently underway on some natural biopolymers and their modifications to remove different kinds of heavy metal ions. Chitosan and cellulose...
Moringa oleifera can grow well in the humid tropics or hot, dry lands, can survive destitute soils, and is little affected by drought. It tolerates a wide range of rainfall with minimum annual rainfall requirements estimated at 250 mm and maximum at over 3000 mm and a pH of 5.0-9.0. Moringa leaves have been reported to be a rich source of β-carotene, protein, vitamin C, calcium and potassium and ...
Sweet violet also known as the Viola odorata, blooms in continental climate conditions in early spring with delicate flowers of attractive scent. It has been traditionally the part of various indigenous preparations and being used to cure respiratory and inflammatory conditions. The present review article is an attempt to cover recent developments in the phytochemical and pharmacological potential...
DICHLORVOS INDUCED NEPHROTOXICITY IN RAT KIDNEY: PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF ALSTONIA BOONEI STEM BARK EXTRACT
Purpose: Dichlorvos (DDVP) causes toxicity in animals including humans. Alstonia boonei stem bark is widely used as a culinary medicine in the Ayurvedic system of medicine, possessing a number of pharmacological properties. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of Alstonia boonei (AB) against dichlorvos induced nephrotoxicity in Wistar rats. Methods: Dichlorvos (50 mg/kg body weight) was ...
Kidney stones are a growing global problem. It is also known as Urolithiasis. Lithiasis is a condition where urinary calculus is formed in the kidney and urinary tract. It is a complicated urinary disorder that has gravely troubled the health and quality of human life. Urinary stones affect 10-12% of the population in industrialized countries. There are only a few geographical areas in which the s...
A rapid, simple, selective and precise UV-Visible spectrophotometric method has been developed for the determination of Curcumin in bulk and nano-formulation. The spectrophotometric detection was carried out at an absorption maximum of 421 nm using methanol as solvent. The method was validated for various validation parameters. The linearity range was found to be 5-25 μg/ml with a correlation coe...
Medicinal plants are bioresources harnessed by humans to combat diseases and maintain a healthy life. Plants remain the basis for the development of modern drugs for the preservation of health. Garcinia kola is considered a “wonder plant” because every part of it has been found to be of medicinal importance. G. kola seed is used as an antipyretic agent in indigenous system of medicine. Pharmac...
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM THE LEAVES OF OCIMUM BASILICUM L. AND OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM L. (LAMIACEAE)
Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) are widely distributed aromatic herbs used in ethnomedicinal management of a range of inflammatory disorders. In the present work, we evaluated the topical anti-inflammatory effects of the volatile constituents extracted from the fresh leaves of these plant species. Fresh leaves of the plants were subjected to hydro distillation to obtain t...
The medicinal plants have attracted great attention in recent years for better therapeutic management of diseases. Nigella sativa is one of the most extensively studied plants and has gained more and more interest in potential medical use in recent years. Historical and traditional uses of this herb have been widely documented in ancient documents; and Nigella sativa has been broadly used througho...
TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL PROFILE AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF LUFFA ACUTANGULA LINN.
Inflammation is a body defence reaction to prevent the spread of injurious agent and to remove the necrosed cells and tissues. Inflammatory abnormalities are a large group of disorders which underlie a vast variety of human diseases. During treatment of inflammatory diseases, many conventional therapies (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) used to relief pain and inflammation. Continuous use of...