PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF AQUEOUS AND ETHANOL EXTRACTS OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS AND IN -VITRO STUDY OF INHIBITION OF α- AMYLASE
In the present study we screened four medicinal plants for the α-amylase inhibitory activity of each extracts phytochemicals, and it was determined based on the colorimetric assay using acarbose as a reference compound. The aqueous and ethanol extracts of the medicinal plants viz. Enicostemma littorale, Achyranthes aspera, Abutilon indicium, and Tridax procumbens were shown moderate α-amylase in...
Many herbal remedies have been employed in various medical systems for the treatment and management of different diseases. The plant Lagenaria siceraria, a plant belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae, has been used in the different system of traditional medication for the treatment of diseases and ailments of human beings. The n-hexane extract of Lagenaria siceraria was screened for antimicrobial ...
Kidney is a vital organ of the human body which performs the very important function of formation of urine. Unani system of medicine has illustrated its anatomy, physiology and diseases occurred due to its different abnormalities. Kidney has the four common powers viz; Quwwate Jazibah (absorptive power), Quwwate Hazimah (digestive power), Quwwate Masikah (retentive power) and Quwwate Dafiah (power...
The global market for herbal products is exploding. The major hindrance in the amalgamation of herbal medicines into modern medical practices is the lack of scientific and clinical data and a better understanding of efficacy and safety of the herbal products. The evaluation or standardization of a crude drug involves Pharmacognostic methods such as organological, physicochemical, phytochemical and...
The present investigation was designed to prepare immediate release tablets of gliclazide with the ultimate aim of reducing the time needed to obtain the peak plasma concentration. Gliclazide immediate release tablets were prepared by using superdisintegrants namely- sodium starch glycolate and croscar-mellose sodium. The prepared tablets were evaluated for weight variation, hardness, friability, ...
Objective: To study detailed pharmacognostic profile and preliminary phytochemical investigation of the leaves of Indigofera tinctoria Linn. commonly known as ‘indigo’ belongs to the family Fabaceae. It is distributed through the hotter parts of India. Medicinal uses include the juice of the leaves as a prophylactic against hydrophobia, and as a decoction for blennorrhagia; plant extract as th...
ASSESSMENT OF ANTIOXIDANT, ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITIES OF ETHANOL EXTRACT OF LEAVES OF CROTALARIA PALLIDA (AITON)
The ethanol leaves extract of Crotalaria pallida (Aiton) was evaluated to investigate the Phytochemical nature and some selected pharmacological activities. The plant extract indicated the presence of combined reducing sugar, tannins, flavonoids, glycosides, alkaloids and steroids. The extract showed free radical scavenging activity with an IC50 value of 37.60 µg/ml, and standard ascorbic acid sh...
Qualitative phytochemical screening of C. sativa leaf, stem and root was studied. Four solvents viz; n-hexane, chloroform, alcohol and aqueous revealed the variation in phytochemicals presence and absence in all studied parts. Extracts of different solvents were subjected to qualitative phytochemical screening using a standard protocol. Results showed the maximum number of phytochemicals present i...
PHARMACOGNOSTIC EVALUATION OF SIMPLE EFFECTIVE HEALTHCARE TRADITIONS USING MURRAYA KOENIGII (L.) SPRENG FOR DIGESTION AND DIGESTIVE DISORDERS
As per the appeal issued by World Health Organization (WHO) "save plants to save lives," there is the need for a global movement for the conservation of medicinal plants and the revitalization of the native health traditions of local communities. Such health traditions based on medicinal plants are the result of centuries of observation, selection, and experimentation. They thus constitute an accu...
Antiseptics and Disinfectants are extensively used in the health care industry and also equally in personal hygiene. Among the chemicals, silver has long been known to have antimicrobial activity. Development of new, effective and low-cost antimicrobial textiles has been an objective of this research work due to increasing resistance of microbial pathogens to traditional chemicals. The potential e...