THE LEAF OF NILGIRI RHODODENDRON: A POTENT ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT AGAINST MEDICALLY CRITICAL HUMAN PATHOGENS
Several reports are available for Rhododendron arboreum which is limited to its subspecies nilagiricum. The present study intended to examine the bioactive compounds and the antimicrobial activity of leaf extracts of R. arboreum Sm spp. nilagiricum (Zenker) Tagg against medically important four bacterial (Streptococcus pyogene, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia) and two...
Proper and normal functioning of the bodily process must be ensured in order to maintain perfect health. Any disturbance in the normal humoral balances whether it is excess, diminution or blockage leads to disease stated Avicenna (980-1037 A.D) the revered Greco Arabic physician and author of world-renowned treatise “Al Qanoon fit tib.” He has treated certain diseases by regulating metabolic p...
Kandangkathiri Kirutham (ghee of Solanum xanthocarpum) is a Siddha herbal formulation mentioned in Siddha textbook for the treatment of Ullnaakku Azharchi (Tonsillitis). It contains leaf juice of Kandangkathiri (Solanum xanthocarpum), cow’s ghee, the paste of raw drugs namely Sittrarathai (Alpinia officinarum), Sittramutti (Sida cordifolia), Nerunjil ver (Tribulus terrestris), Chukku (Zingiber o...
MEDICINAL EFFECT OF KAMEELA AND AMRAZE JILDIYA (SKIN DISEASES) DESCRIBED IN UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE AND CURRENT RESEARCH-AN OVERVIEW
Kameela or Kamala is a well known Unani drug which is being used as medicament from centuries for the treatment of Amraze Jildiya (skin disease) by Unani Physicians and also mentioned their medicinal efficacy in Unani classical text. It is widely scattered perennial shrub or small tree in tropical and subtropical region regions with an altitude below the 1,000 m and is a description to have a br...
This study was carried out to evaluate the thrombolytic and membrane stabilizing activities of Launaea sarmentosa plants. The crude methanolic extract of L. sarmentosa (whole plants) was investigated for in-vitro thrombolytic and membrane stabilizing activities at five different concentrations of 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 mg/ml respectively. In the case of thrombolytic study, it was dose-dependently incre...
Infinite varieties of plants- both medicinal and aromatic are seen on the Indian continent. Siddha system of medicine is effectively making use of them. Sage Yugi have classified skin diseases into 18 kuttas. Pundareega kuttam is one among them. It can be correlated to dermatophytosis in modern science. Siddhars, scientists of a sort have found a remedy to the newly emerging mysterious diseases du...
For a very long time, plants have been used worldwide as a natural medicine to treat human diseases, and it has been in many parts of the world, plants are used as a safe source of drugs to cure several diseases and conditions through complementary medicine system. In tropical Asia and Africa, Commelina benghalensis is a native plant and is known to have significant pharmacological activities. Thi...
ANTIOXIDANT EFFECT OF CRUDE WATER EXTRACT OF VETIVERIA ZIZANIOIDES (GRAMINEAE) IN MICE WITH ACETAMINOPHEN INDUCED HEPATOTOXICITY
Acetaminophen (APAP) is widely used as an analgesic and antipyretic drug. The large dose of APAP results in severe hepatic necrosis due to the oxidative stress. This work evaluates the antioxidant activity of crude water extract of Vetiveria zizanioides roots against a single dose of APAP induced acute hepatotoxicity. Mice were treated with 300 mg/kg of APAP dissolved in saline and fasted for 16 h...
The present study was investigated to determine the possible phytochemical components from the solvents such as hexane, ethyl acetate and ethanolic extract of Aerva lanata. Among the phytochemical screening of these extracts, ethanolic extract showed that the whole plant was rich in carbohydrate, tannin, flavonoids, quinones, cardiac glycosides, phenols, and coumarins. Further, the study was exten...
ANTIDIARRHEAL AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF HYDROALCOHOLIC EXTRACTS OF SALVIA SCHIMPERI BENTH FROM ETHIOPIA
In Ethiopian folk medicine, aqueous decoction of the leaves of Salvia schimperi is used for treatments of various ailments including diarrhea, however, to date, there appear to have been no reports on the phytochemistry, the antidiarrhoeal and the antimicrobial activity of the plant. In this study, the hydroalcoholic extract of the leaves of S. schimperi was evaluated for its antidiarrheal and ant...