Essential hypertension (HTN) is the most prevalent type of HTN, affecting 90 to 95% of hypertensive patients. HTN accounts for a large proportion of all deaths and disability worldwide. It has been predicted that by the year 2020, there will be an increase of almost 75% in the global cardiovascular disease burden because of hypertension. Persistent HTN is one of the risk factors for strokes, heart...
Vitiligo is an acquired idiopathic epidermal pigment loss occurring on the body. The prevalence of the disease is less than 0.5%. Pathogenesis of vitiligo has been intriguing researchers for decades. Basic defect in vitiligo is the disappearance of melanocytes. Several therapies are prescribed for the disease; the most effective one is narrowband UVB phototherapy. Several evidence-based hypotheses...
COMPOSITIONS, DISTRIBUTIONS AND STATUS OF ECONOMIC PLANTS AMONG INVASIVE FLORAS OF UTTARPARA, WEST BENGAL, INDIA
A survey was carried out from 2005 to 2010 to invent the invasive alien plant species and their economic uses in urban and adjoining rural areas of Uttarpara, Hooghly district, West Bengal. The study revealed the occurrence of 103 alien angiospermic plant species under 32 families, of which four families (Araceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Pontederiaceae) are monocots. Dicot family Fabaceae dominated w...
The present study was conducted to investigate the color strength (K/S), colorfastness, antibacterial and antioxidant properties of silk using fabric Cichorium intybus root extract as a natural dye. Comparative results of color fastness (fastness to wash, rub, light and perspiration) and colorimetric properties (CIELab and K/S values) of dyed silk samples were studied to quantify the effect of mor...
SPERMICIDAL ACTIVITY OF ELETTARIA CARDAMOMUM AND CUMINUM CYMINUM SEED EXTRACTS AND ASSESSMENT OF SPERM FUNCTION IN ALBINO RATS
The spermicidal activity of Elettaria cardamomum and Cuminum cyminum seed extracts have been studied to evaluate the effective concentration to immobilize and kill 100% of sperm within 20 s, and the sperm function of rat is studied to find the effect on sperm membrane integrity. Sander and Cramer's test was used to study the spermicidal activity of Elettaria cardamomum and Cuminum cyminum. Sperm v...
Digitalis purpurea commonly known as foxgloves belong to the genus Digitalis, which is a member of the family Plantaginaceae. Due to their effectivity in the treatment of heart insufficiency, cardenolides from Digitalis have been used extensively worldwide. Digitalis purpurea is the most important source of cardiac glycosides or cardenolides, volatile oil, fatty matter, starch, gum, and sugars. Th...
The purpose of this research work was to develop and evaluate matrix-type transdermal patches of Ketoprofen. Employing different ratios of hydrophilic and hydrophobic polymers by a solvent evaporation technique. The physicochemical compatibility of the drug and the polymers was studied by Infrared Spectroscopy. The results suggested no physicochemical incompatibility between the drug and the polym...
In traditional medicinal trees, Dalbergia sissoo is a popular species around the world. It has been used for the therapeutic purpose from thousands of years, and now there is a growing demand for plant-based medicines, health products, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. Dalbergia sissoo is a widely growing plant which is used traditionally as anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, anti-oxidant,...
IN-VIVO STUDY OF ANTILITHIATIC ACTIVITY ON THE FRUITS EXTRACTS OF COCCINIA INDICA (WIGHT & ARN.) ETHYLENE GLYCOL INDUCED LITHIATIC IN RATS
Aim of the Study: This study aimed to investigate the effect of ethanolic extract of fruits Coccinia indica Wight & Arn. (Cucurbitaceae) on urolithiasis in rats. Materials & methods: Thirty-six male rats were randomly divided into six groups (n = 6). Ethylene glycol (EG) 0.75% in drinking water were fed to all groups (Groups II-VI) except normal control (Group I) rats for 15-28th days to i...
Homalium letestui Pellegr (Flacourtiaceae) used traditionally by the Ibibios of Southern Nigeria to treat stomach ulcer, malaria and other inflammatory diseases were evaluated for antiulcer activities of the stem extract and its fractions. The effects of ethanol stem extract of H. letestui (200-600 mg/kg) and fractions (Aqueous and dichloromethane, 400 mg/kg) on experimentally induced ulcer were s...