A REVIEW OF ETHNOMEDICINAL PLANTS AND THEIR TRADITIONAL USES FOR THE TREATMENT OF HEPATOBILIARY DISEASE BY DIFFERENT TRIBES OF NORTH-EAST INDIAAbstract
The investigation reveals that the diverse tribes of North-East India use a variety of herbal medicinal herbs. The goal of ethnobotanical research is to benefit mankind as a whole, therefore, it is important to preserve traditional medicinal plant knowledge. The investigation was carried out by collecting local medicinal herbs in cooperation with local ethical experts. The etiology of liver and biliary diseases is intricate and multifactorial, and they often have several symptoms. The investigation of several medical targets is required to treat comparable ailments. Modern hepatobiliary ailments treatments are still unsuccessful, and side effects are usually severe. The study’s primary goals center on the possibility of ethnobotanical investigation and the necessity of preserving and establishing traditional medicinal knowledge in order to make it more widely accessible and to use it for the good of mankind. Diseases of the hepato-biliary system offer a serious medical and societal problem as morbidity rates climb exponentially. The typical therapeutic plants used by the tribes, totaling 28 species, were investigated and cataloged. 56 factory species from 29 families were commonly used as medicines by the tribes of North-East India. The locals believed medicinal plants could treat diseases like diabetes, hepatobiliary illness, and cancer. The results of this research validated and verified those from earlier studies that showed traditional local healers had a thorough understanding of how to use different plant parts and medicinal plants for various illnesses and disease types. This investigation unquestionably demonstrates the significance of Piper beetle plants to the residential environments of these two cultures as an ethnomedical remedy. Its significant ethnomedicinal status may be explained by the fact that this species is consumed almost every day as part of their cultural activities. The outcomes of the current study may further concentrate on the importance of traditionally used medicinal herbs for various diseases. Most newly found plants have at least a few prominent medicinal qualities consistent with the majority of accepted theories. Drawing on this historical understanding of utilizing plants to heal various ailments and conditions may also be beneficial in prospective pharmaceutical and medical research projects that might result in breakthroughs.
Jyotirmoy Das * and Bapi Ray Sarkar
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, University of North Bengal, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.
07 June 2023
28 June 2023
29 June 2023
30 June 2023