PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF SOLVENT EXTRACT OF LANTANA CAMARA.L LEAF FROM MEKELLE, ETHIOPIA
In this study, the phytochemical analysis took place for solvent extracts (petroleum ether, chloroform) and essential oils. Maceration method and hydrodistillation were used for the solvent extraction and essential oil extraction respectively. Solvent extract was studied for phytochemical analysis and antibacterial activities. The antibacterial activity of a solvent extract of Lantana camara L. le...
Sulfated polysaccharides (SP) were extracted from Corallina officinalis marine red algae seaweed by using hydrothermal processes at 100 °C. The antioxidant activity of C. officinalis sulfated polysaccharide was determined using the (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, DPPH) method, showing that this polysaccharide has a moderate effect in inhibiting the formation of those radicals. This study demonstr...
Eugenia jambolana Lam., commonly known as black plum or “jamun” is an important medicinal plant in various traditional systems of medicine. It is effective in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, inflammation, ulcers and diarrhea, and preclinical studies have also shown it to possess chemopreventive, radioprotective and antineoplastic properties. The plant is rich in compounds containing anthoc...
Helminthiasis is prevalent globally, but is more common in developing countries with poorer personal and environmental hygiene. In the human body gastrointestinal tract is the abode of many helminths, but some also live in tissue. They harm the host by depriving him of food, causing blood loss, injury to organs, intestinal or lymphatic obstruction. It is estimated that hundreds of millions of peop...
CYTOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF QUERCITIN AND SILYMARIN ON LIPO POLYSACCHARIDE – AND PARAQUAT-INDUCED CYTOTOXICITY IN ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES: INFECTIOUS AND NON-INFECTIOUS CHALLENGES
Cytotoxicity of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a bacteria-related compound and paraquat (PQ) as a non-bacterial toxicant on freshly isolated alveolar macrophages (AMs) was studied. At the same time, preventive, protective and therapeutic effects of quercetin (QCN) against LPS-induced and silymarin (SMN) against PQ-produced cytotoxicity as known antioxidants with potent anti-inflammatory property were...
Polygonum viscosum, belonging to the family Polygonaceae, is an annual herb which is highly distributed in Bangladesh, China, Nepal, Japan, and India. Like any other plant of the genus Polygonum, P. viscosum is significant from both phytochemical and pharmacological properties. Findings regarding the use of this plant in pain, fever, tumor, infection, inflammation, blood clots and so forth mark it...
World major population was dependent on traditional medicines, derived from medicinal plants. Among which India plays a crucial role in health management using herbal derivatives and excipients. Majority of plants and their derivative products isolated from different parts shown to have significant therapeutic and pharmacological potentials. Various plants species have been envisaged, among which ...
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL EVALUATION AND STANDARDIZATION OF AERIAL PARTS OF SPHAERANTHUS INDICUS LINN. (ASTERACEAE)
Sphaeranthus indicus Linn (Asteraceae) is a popular and very useful plant used in Indian system of medicine. It is usually found in damp areas, plains and also as a weed in the rice fields. In the Ayurvedic system of medicine, the plant as a whole plant or its different parts like leaf, stem, bark, root, flower and seed are widely used for curing many diseases. The plant is enriched with various t...
Moxifloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic. Moxifloxacin is a 4th generation fluoroquinolone. Chemically it is 8-methoxy-fluoroquinolone. It acts by inhibiting DNA gyrase, a type topoisomerase II and topoisomerase IV. These are enzymes which are necessary for separation of bacterial DNA, so inhibits the replication of the cell. Its study was based on single-drug delivery, intravenous. The apparat...
In this study, the cream was formulated from the plant extract containing anti-oxidant ingredient Embelin and its quality control evaluation performed along with the antioxidant activity. The alcohol extract of the plant was used. The extract was tested for antioxidant activity by superoxide scavenging activity. Quality evaluation of the product was assessed by using different evaluation methods. ...