Lantana indica Roxb. (Verbenaceae) is grown as an ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The plant is used to treat asthma, abdominal disorders, bilious fever, cancer, catarrhal infections, chicken pox, eczema, hypertension, malaria, measles, swelling, rheumatism, tetanus, and ulcers. Phytochemical investigation of a methanolic extract of the leaves led to isolating thr...
EVALAUTION OF ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF RICINUS COMMUNIS LINN. LEAVES BY USING DIFFERENT TYPES OF SOLVENT
Aqueous and ethanol ethyl acetate chloroform-methanol extracts from the leaves of Ricinus communis were investigated for their anthelmintic activity against Pheretima posthuma and three concentrations (50, 75 and 100 mg/ml) of each extract were studied for activity, in which paralysis and death time of the worm. Both the extract exhibited remarkable anthelminthic activity at all three concentratio...
IDENTIFICATION OF ENDEMIC CURCUMA ALBIFLORA THW. FROM CURCUMA SPECIES GROWN IN SRI LANKA BY DNA BARCODING METHOD
Curcuma is an important genus in traditional medicine. Five plants are reported in Sri Lanka; C. albiflora, C. aromatica, C. longa, C. zedoaria, and C. oligantha. Since the phylogenetic analysis of gene sequences and combining with complete genomic sequences helps to identify the genetic basis of plants, the current study was conducted. Standard CTAB method with little modifications was used for t...
Portulaca quadrifida Linn. (Portulacaceae) is commonly known as a chicken weed in English. In the traditional system, it is used to treat rheumatism and gynecological diseases, urinary tract infections, worm diseases, dysentery and dermatitis. To assess the cytotoxic potential of hydroalcoholic extract of P. quadrifida leaves using brine shrimp assay. Potassium dichromate was considered a standard...
Background: Sickle cell anemia continues to be prevalent in the African population of which Nigeria alone has epidemiology of 25%, and only a few official medications are available, necessitating this current study. Methods: Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC., Connaraceae, Alcornea laxiflora (Benth.) Pax & K. Hoffman Euphorbiaceae, and Spathodea campanulata Beauv., Bignoniaceae, which have various...
Ajuga chamaepitys (L.) Schreb, well-known as Camaepitiumor Ground Pine, is an annual herb typical of the Mediterranean area accounting several uses in the traditional medicine. In this study, the methanol extract of Ajuga chamaepitys (L.) Schreb was analyzed using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), while the mass spectra of the compounds found in the extract were matched with the Nation...
Natural compounds have already contributed to the discovery of new anti-malarial drugs. Atovaquone, artemisinin and its semi-synthetic derivatives as well as clindamycin, erythromycin, azithromycin, chlortetracycline, tetracycline, oxytetracycline and doxycycline, are noteworthy examples of the varied contribution of natural products for the development of effective anti-malarial drugs, particular...
Spinach is a leafy green flowering plant. The leaves are a common edible vegetable consumed by fresh leaves. The bioactive components present in the Spinach oleracea plant leaves are known to be responsible for its medicinal properties. The present study was undertaken to compare the effect of different extraction solvents to extract the active components like carbohydrates, tannin, flavonoid, phe...
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious metabolic disease which has several complications including diabetic nephropathy, coronary heart disease, and hypertension. It has been estimated that by the year 2010, the prevalence of DM worldwide will reach approximately 240 million. Despite considerable progress in the management of diabetes mellitus by synthetic drugs, the search for indigenous and diabeti...
PHARMACOGNOSTIC EVALUATION OF SIMPLE EFFECTIVE HEALTHCARE TRADITIONS USING MURRAYA KOENIGII (L.) SPRENG FOR DIGESTION AND DIGESTIVE DISORDERS
As per the appeal issued by World Health Organization (WHO) "save plants to save lives," there is the need for a global movement for the conservation of medicinal plants and the revitalization of the native health traditions of local communities. Such health traditions based on medicinal plants are the result of centuries of observation, selection, and experimentation. They thus constitute an accu...