EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS METHANOLIC LEAF EXTRACTS OF INDIGENOUS PLANTS CLERODENDRUM COLEBROOKIANUM WALP AND CENTELLA ASIATICA LINN. ON CARBON TETRACHLORIDE INDUCED CARDIOTOXIC WISTER ALBINO RATS
Two indigenous plants Clerodendrum colebrookianum walp and Centella asiatica Linn. were selected to determine its cardioprotective activity on male Wister albino rats. Empirical research was designed to evaluate the cardioprotective activity of the leaves of both with special reference to its putative protective role. Aqueous methanolic extracts of both the plants were prepared by continuous hot p...
GASTRO-PROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF THE LEAVES AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF DIOSPYROS MESPILIFORMIS ON GASTRIC ULCERS IN SWISS MICE
Information from ethnomedicine suggests that Diospyros mespiliformis possesses antiulcer properties. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate its gastroprotective activity. The gastroprotective activity of the leaves aqueous extract of D. mespiliformis was evaluated by three experimental models of gastric ulcers in mice, namely: HCl/ethanol, HCl/ethanol with indomethacin pre-treatment and i...
EVALUATION OF IN-VITRO ANTIOXIDANT AND CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY OF METHANOLIC LEAF EXTRACT OF BLUMEA LANCEOLARIA ROXB.
The present study describes antioxidant activities and cytotoxic activity of methanolic leaf extract of Blumea lanceolaria (Asteraceae). The antioxidant activities were determined by in-vitro screening models; DPPH radical scavenging activity, Nitric oxide scavenging activity along with the estimation of total phenolic and flavonoid content. From the result of DPPH radical scavenging activity and ...
The objective of this review is to update and assess the chemistry, composition, mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, nutritional value and toxicology of garlic. The medicinal properties of garlic include immune functions, antibacterial activities, antifungal activities, antivirus activities, de-toxification, anti-oxidant agent, prevent platelet aggregation, reduction in blood pressure, loweri...
Curcuma amada and Curcuma aeruginosa are economically and medicinally very important species in India. Both of the species look similar in morphological nature. In the present study, an effort has been made to work out the identifying characters and detailed comparative account of both species for ready identification of the entire plant, live or in the herbarium and also the discrimination of dru...
In the present study, an attempt was made to evaluate the changes in testis protein and metabolic enzyme activities induced by epichlorohydrin (ECH), twenty-four albino male rats were divided randomly into four groups of six rats each. One group was left untreated as controls, and the other three groups were administered, respectively, for twelve consecutive weeks, (2) 50 mg of ECH /kg/b.wt, (3) 7...
Siddha system is one of the oldest and most ancient traditional prevailing medicinal systems in India especially in our south India. In our system, first preference is given for plant-based medicine. Plant-derived drugs have been a part of the evolution of human health care for thousands of years in India. Elathi kuligai is prepared as per classical Siddha textbook for the respiratory problem in t...
ORAL ADMINISTRATION OF AN ALCOHOLIC EXTRACT OF CARDARIA DRABA PREVENTED SCOPOLAMINE-, ZINC CHLORIDE – AND SODIUM METAVANADATE – INDUCED AVOIDANCE MEMORY RETENTION IMPAIRMENTS IN STEP-THROUGH PASSIVE AVOIDANCE TASK IN MICE
Cardaria draba commonly known as whitetop or hoary cress is a perennial herb that is native to Eastern Europe and eastern Asia, including Iran. In this study, the effects of alcoholic extract of Cardaria draba (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg) via oral gavage for 2 weeks alone and on scopolamine (1 mg /kg/d, 4 days, i.p.) - zinc chloride (75 mg/kg/d, 2 weeks oral gavage) - and sodium metavanadate (22.5 mg/kg...
PHARMACOGNOSTIC ANALYSIS AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF THE MEDICINAL PLANT CANTHIUM PARVIFLORUM LAM.
The crude extract from the leaf of Canthium parviflorum Lam. in different solvents were subjected to physicochemical, fluorescence analysis, phytochemical and antimicrobial study. The microscopic analysis revealed that in C. parviflorum there is the presence of starch grains. The ash value was 5.81% in C. parviflorum. The fluorescent analysis at 366 nm of C. parviflorum powder extracted with alcoh...
BIOSYNTHESIS AND STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SILVER AND GOLD NANOPARTICLES USING AQUEOUS STEM EXTRACT OF ALHAGI MAURORUM
Green synthesis is a cheaper, clean, nontoxic route for the synthesis of large scale nanoparticles without the use of high energy, pressure, temperature, and toxic chemicals. With the help of microbial enzyme and plant extract nanoparticles are easily synthesized by utilizing their antioxidant and reducing properties. In the present study, biosynthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles by utilizing...