Loganin is an iridoid glycoside, a key phytoconstituent in Strychnos plants having a crucial role in the biosynthesis of indole, monoterpene alkaloids and other natural products. It is a bitter iridoid glycoside with numerous activities like anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, glucose-lowering and anti-diabetic nephropathy activities. The objective of this study was to develop a simple method for iso...
ANTIDIARRHEAL, ANTIDIABETIC, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF METHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF LEAVES OF CLERODENDRUM VISCOSUM (VENT.)
The present study was aimed to investigate the possible antidiarrheal, antidiabetic, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of methanolic extracts of leaves of Clerodendrum viscosum (Vent.) Different screening models are employed for an investigation like Castor oil induced diarrheal model for antidiarrheal activity screening, alloxan-induced diabetic model for antidiabetic activity screening, ant...
Vegetables are very rich in health-promoting phytochemicals like flavonoids and phenolic compounds. The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of commonly used cooking (i.e., open and pressure cooking) methods on phytochemical content (i.e., polyphenols, flavonoids) and antioxidant activity levels as measured by DPPH and FRAP assay. Results showed that cooking methods have a great ef...
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a major public health problem not only in India but also in other developed countries. Filariasis is the disease which is caused by a group of filarial worms. It is transmitted by mosquitoes - Culex quinquefasciatus globally the most important vector. They cause high morbidity and mortality among humans. The proper management is needed for preventing the morbidity and ...
PHARMACOGNOSTIC EVALUATION OF SIMPLE EFFECTIVE HEALTHCARE TRADITIONS USING MURRAYA KOENIGII (L.) SPRENG FOR DIGESTION AND DIGESTIVE DISORDERS
As per the appeal issued by World Health Organization (WHO) "save plants to save lives," there is the need for a global movement for the conservation of medicinal plants and the revitalization of the native health traditions of local communities. Such health traditions based on medicinal plants are the result of centuries of observation, selection, and experimentation. They thus constitute an accu...
Aqueous and ethanol-ethyl acetate chloroform-methanol extracts from the leaves of Ricinus communis were investigated for their anthelmintic activity against Pheretima posthuma, and three concentrations (50, 75 and 100 mg/ml) of each extract were studied for activity, in which paralysis and death time of the worm. Both the extract exhibited remarkable anthelminthic activity at all three concentrati...
BIOACTIVE COMPOUND IDENTIFICATION, PHYTOCHEMICAL ESTIMATION, IN-VITRO ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF PUPALIA LAPPACEA
Pupalia lappacea Juss belongs to the family Amaranthaceae useful in the bone fracture treatment, antimalarial, pyrexia, wounds, cough, toothache and boils. The present investigation was aimed to identify the phytocompounds by GC-MS, investigate phytochemically and to screen anti-inflammatory and antioxidant property by in-vitro methods. Bioactive compounds were identified using GC- MS; functional ...
ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGAL DIVERSITY AND ROOT COLONIZATION OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS RHIZOSPHERE SOIL OF VRIDDHACHALAM, TAMIL NADU.
The present study was to analyze the occurrence of mycorrhizal diversity in 20 medicinal plants of Vriddhachalam, Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu and to explore for structures correlated to the possible functional position of the symbiosis. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal colonization ranged from 24-81%. The highest infection was found in Justicia gendarussa and lowest in Naregamia alata. AM fungal s...
Dalbergia latifolia commonly known as bilayatti shisham (Fabaceae) is a medicinal plant. The dry bark is brown colored astringent characters. Traditionally various species are reported to be used as aphrodisiac, abortifacient, expectorant, anthelmintic, antipyretic, appetizer, allays thirst, vomiting, burning sensation, cure skin diseases, ulcers Ayurvedic practice, bark is used as leucoderma, lep...
ANTI CANCER PROPERTIES OF PLANTS PRESENT IN WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA- A MINI REVIEW
Cancer is a fatal disease characterized by the abnormal growth of cells. Various factors cause cancer. Synthetic modern medicines have high toxic effects on other systems of the body such as renal system, circulatory system, etc. To reduce those toxic effects the scientific world is trying to find inhibitors from the herbal sources. Always the plants proved to be effective and efficient in curing ...