MEDICINAL POTENTIAL OF PHYLLANTHUS EMBLICA (LINN.) FRUITS EXTRACTS: BIOLOGICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES
The objective of the present study was to investigate the scientific basis of the traditional use of the fruit of Phyllanthus emblica (Linn.). The selected pharmacological investigations are antimicrobial screening, analgesic activity, antidiarrheal activity screening and the brine shrimp lethality test for cytotoxic activity. Phytochemical analysis of ethanolic fruits extracts Phyllanthus emblica...
PROFILING OF THE CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IN ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACTS OF LAUNAEA CORNUTA ASTERACEAE BY GC-MS
Launea cornuta Asteraceae is widely used among African communities for its medicinal and nutritional values and livestock fodder. Traditionally, it is used by Kenyan communities to manage diabetes mellitus, syphilis, and stomachache, among many other diseases. The current study profiled the organic chemical compounds in the ethyl acetate extracts of L. cornuta. Chemical compounds were identified u...
PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION OF PHYTOCHEMICALS OF SAUSSUREA OBVALLATA (BRAHM KAMAL) AND PITTOSPORUM ERIOCARPUM (AGNI): TWO ENDANGERED MEDICINAL PLANT SPECIES OF UTTARAKHAND
Aim of this study was to determine the presence of phytochemical components in Saussurea obvallata and Pittosporum eriocarpum, two endangered medicinal plant species of Uttarakhand. Phytochemicals are non-nutritive plant chemicals that have protective or disease preventive properties. These components are produced by plants to protect themselves, but recent researches demonstrate that they can als...
Areca catechu has been in use as a social drug from the time immemorial and usually chewed by at least 10% of the world’s population. Areca catechu commonly known as supari consists of dried ripe nuts and belongs to the family Palmae which is cultivated in tropical India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, South China, the East Indies, the Philippines Islands and part of East Africa (including Zanzibar and Ta...
Misfolding of some proteins, their self-assembly into insoluble amyloid structures underlies many diseases, constituting a group of amyloid-related pathology. Fibrillation of peptide hormone of the pancreas, amylin, is considered as one of the causes of death of β-cells in type 2 diabetes. In this work we studied in-vitro protection of islet β-cells from death in the presence of aggregated amyli...
Rhizome of Kaempferia galanga (Family: Zingiberaceae) has been investigated for isolation of secondary metabolites and evaluation of bioactivities. Two cinnamic acid derivatives, Ethyl p-methoxycinnamate (KG-2) and 4-methoxy cinnamic acid (KG-9) have been isolated from the chloroform fraction of the methanolic extract of the rhizome of K. galanga using chromatographic analysis. Structures of these...
Rhizoma Curcumae longae is the dried rhizome of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae), commonly known as turmeric, has a long history of traditional uses for culinary purposes as a spice and as a food colorant. This study was aimed at establishing the microscopic identification of different commercial samples and developing parameters for discriminating turmeric powders. In this study, fifteen sample...
Callicarpa macrophylla (Verbenaceae) has been commonly used in traditional medicine for a wide range of ailments related to the circulatory, digestive, endocrine, respiratory and skeletal systems as well as to infectious diseases. It provides the up-to-date information that is available on the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of Callicarpa macrophylla. Additio...
Calcium oxalate crystals have a definite biological function in medicinal plants and act as a good diagnostic tool for the identification and detection of adulterants in crude drugs. The occurrence of calcium oxalate crystals was evident in Moringa pterygesperma, Mentha arvensis, Cissus quadrangularis, Murraya koenigii and Amaranthus gangiticus leaves. Rosette, druse, raphides, acicular and prisma...
Calotropis gigantea (Asclepiadaceae) is a perennial herb with a long history of use in traditional medicines. A wide range of chemical compounds including cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, terpenoids, alkaloids, tannins, & resins has been isolated from this plant. The plant has been used for various disease condition including leprosy, ulcers, tumors and piles. Various pharmacological activities...