COMPOSITIONS, DISTRIBUTIONS AND STATUS OF ECONOMIC PLANTS AMONG INVASIVE FLORAS OF UTTARPARA, WEST BENGAL, INDIA
A survey was carried out from 2005 to 2010 to invent the invasive alien plant species and their economic uses in urban and adjoining rural areas of Uttarpara, Hooghly district, West Bengal. The study revealed the occurrence of 103 alien angiospermic plant species under 32 families, of which four families (Araceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Pontederiaceae) are monocots. Dicot family Fabaceae dominated w...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFICACY OF LEAVES EXTRACTS OF ANNONA SQUAMOSA AGAINST PARACETAMOL INDUCED LIVER TOXICITY IN RATS
Phytochemicals are the best remedies to all kind of diseases and disorders throughout the world. There are a lot of plants, and its sources are playing a role as a heart, liver and kidney savers. In our present investigation, the famous fruit tree Annona squamosa (Annonaceae) leaves extract used for the hepatoprotective activity. The phytochemicals present in the aqueous leaves extracts were analy...
MORTALITY AND REPELLENT ACTIVITY OF CLERODENDRUM VISCOSUM VENT. (VERBENACEAE) AGAINST SITOPHILUS ORYZAE (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE)
In continuation of our study we have screened out the root, leaf, and stem of C. viscosum against rice weevil, S. oryzae extracted into ethanol, ethyl acetate, and chloroform. A correlation was found between the insecticidal and repellent activity observed by residual film assay technique and repellency test. It is interesting to note that these plant extracts showed higher to less mortality activ...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND EVALUATION OF VARIOUS EXTRACTS OF LAGENERIA SICERARIA FOR ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY
Lagenaria siceraria was commonly known as Bottle gourd Syn. Doodhi, Syn. Lauki (Hindi) Kadoo (Marathi) which is official in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the crude extracts revealed the presence of carbohydrates, proteins, etc. and secondary metabolites like saponins, glycosides, alkaloids, etc. in all the extracts but tannins were found absent in ethanolic and pe...
The Kasni, Cichorium intybus of family Asteraceae Class Magnoliopsida, which is also known as Chicory, is well known traditional herb included in many systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha system of medicine. The genus Cichorium has six species with majorly distributed in Europe and Asia. It is cultivated in countries such as the UK, Belgium, France, Netherlands, Germany, South Afric...
Oleo-gum resin of Boswellia serrata Roxb. is described in Unani medicine in the name of Kundur. It is commonly known as luban which belongs to the family Burseraceae. Boswellia, or frankincense, harkens back to ancient India and Egypt. Frankincense was one of the four components in the medicinal “Balsam of Jerusalem” from the Franciscan Monastery and, as noted in the Papyrus Ebers, Circa 150...
Both physicians and dermatology patients are searching for long term skin care solutions to address problems presented by skin hyperpigmentation. Traditional depigmenting agents such as hydroquinone, corticosteroids, kojic acid, although highly effective, can raise several safety concerns (for example, ochronosis, atrophy, carcinogenesis, and other local and systemic side effects) with long term e...
Plants are valuable sources of natural products. Despite the availability of different approaches for the discovery of therapeutically, natural products remain as one of the best reservoirs of new structural types. They play a major role in the cure of various diseases from ancient time. Role of plant metabolites to inhibit the growth and activity of pathogenic bacteria is cherished. Research towa...
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECT OF NIGELLA SATIVA SEED EXTRACTS FROM DIFFERENT GEOGRAPHIES
Prophet Mohammed calls Nigella sativa seed as a medicine of blessings. Nigella sativa is an herbaceous plant and cultivated in the Middle East, South East Asia and some part of Europe. Nigella sativa seed has been in use in the Middle East, South East Asia and some part of Europe over 2000 years. Until date lot of research, studies are conducted to prove the therapeutic utility of Nigella sativa s...
The hypolipidemic activity of Aloe vera (Family: Liliaceae) extract has been studied in two models of hyperlipidemia in rats. In an acute model, hyperlipidemia was induced by injecting a single dose of triton WR-1339 (400mg/kg, b.w.) intraperitoneally in rats. Feeding with Aloe vera extract at the dose of 500 mg/ kg, b.w. exerted a significant lipid-lowering effect as assessed by the reversal of p...