PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY OF LIPPIA GENUS WITH A STATEMENT ON CHEMOTAXONOMY AND ESSENTIAL OIL CHEMOTYPESAbstract
Lippia is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the Verbenaceae family. It contains about 220 species with diverse ethnopharmacological applications. Myriad of biologically active phytoconstituents abound in Lippia. The essential oil chemotypes found in Lippia species included myrcenone rich-type, carvone rich-type, piperitenone rich-type, ipsenone rich-type, linalool rich-type, citral rich-type, carvacrol rich-type, thymol rich-type and lippiol rich-type. Other constituents apart from essential oils isolated and chemically characterized were highlighted. β-caryophyllene and iridoid glycosides were notable as chemotaxonomic marker compounds which were common to many of Lippia species.
S. E. Okhale *, E. M. Nwanosike, O. T. Fatokun and O. F. Kunle
Department of Medicinal Plant Research and Tradidtional Medicine, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Idu Industrial Area, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria.
05 April 2016
19 May 2016
26 May 2016
31 May 2016