Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, is a water-soluble antioxidant vitamin having important nutritional and health benefits. Adequate consumption of fruits, vegetables and their juices with high vitamin C content and antioxidant capacity result in improved health, reduced risk of chronic diseases, optimal nutrition and general well-being. Thus, it is essential that vitamin C content in food it...
HERBS AND HERBAL TEAS WITH ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES COMPARABLE TO OR SUPERIOR THAN THOSE OF CAMELLIA SINENSIS
The antioxidant properties of 20 herbs and 28 herbal teas were analyzed in comparison with those of Camellia sinensis based on total phenolic content (TPC), free radical scavenging (FRS) activity, ferric reducing power (FRP) and ferrous ion chelating (FIC) ability. The main objective was to find out if there are herbs and herbal teas with antioxidant properties comparable to or superior to those o...
Strobilanthes sessilis Nees is a small perennial shrub, found on Kas plateau of the Western Ghats in India. Its standardized Marathi name is Mal Karvy. This shrub belongs to the genus Strobilanthes which was first scientifically described by Nees in the 19th century. Scientific information on its Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry is very scant. Hence, the current study describes some Pharmacognostical...
PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSES, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF ACMELLA OLERACEA, A VARIETY GROWN IN MIZORAM
Acmella oleracea (L.) R.K. Jansen (family Asteraceae) is an interesting plant because of its wide range of medicinal and culinary uses. It has been traditionally used in the treatments of anemia, body ache, cancer, gastric ulcer and infections, gingivitis, gout, inflammations, laceration, malaria, stammering, and worm infection (helminthiasis). Different extracts of the plants were prepared, and t...
Objective: To study detailed pharmacognostic characters of the stem of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (Oleaceae), along with their physicochemical parameters, fluorescence analysis, and phytochemical screening. Methods: The pharmacognostic characters were determined in terms of macroscopy, microscopy, powder microscopy, physicochemical analysis, fluorescence analysis and preliminary phytochemical invest...
BIOACTIVE CONSTITUENTS, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CHENOPODIUM ALBUM: A MIRACLE WEED
Chenopodium album L. (family Chenopodiaceae), a noxious weed globally distributed that is a large genus commonly known as white goosefoot and fat-hen, melde, pigweed, lamb’s quarters, lambsquarters or local names. It has nutritious value and more than thirteen compounds accounted and subsistence food crop; seed are processed into flour for pancakes and bread. It is boiled and mixed with oth...
Amino acids are biologically active substances, and a number of them are essential for living beings. Amino acids are found in living cells as well as in body fluids of higher animals, in amounts, which vary according to the tissue and particular amino acid. Amino acid analysis refers to the methodology used to determine the amino acid composition or content of proteins, peptides, and other pharma...
Calotropis gigantea Linn. white (Asclepiadaceae), it is a weed plant commonly known as giant milkweed. It has one of the important traditional medicines to treat various ailments. The basic aim of this study to Calotropis gigantea is one such plant. In this review, the systematic position, introduction about the plant, morphological study, phytochemistry and the economical values of the Calotropis...
The present study is part of the continuing programme related to the antihelminthic activity and phytochemical screening of Andrographis paniculata Nees. (Kalmegh) and their enhanced potential on helminths. The antihelminthic activity of the aqueous extract of Andrographis paniculata Nees. leaves against the adult Indian earthworms Pheretima posthuma due to its anatomical and physiological resembl...
The stem of Spermadictyon suaveolens Roxb. (Rubiaceae) was evaluated for its pharmacognostic characteristics. The stem was assessed for its macroscopic, organoleptic, microscopic and phytochemical characters. The macroscopic study revealed variation in color of the stem when fresh and dried. The macroscopic evaluation was studied with parameters viz. color, odor, shape, and surface in fresh and dr...