Volume 5 (2018) - Issue 8, August
Since from prehistoric times the practice of herbal medicine has existed as the primary form of medicine. India is one of leading bio-diversity center with the presence of over 50, 000 different plant species. Many plants are unexplored though they were used from ancient times in traditional system of medicine. At the same time, several plants activity was proven scientifically, and its resurgence...
The therapeutic potential of essential oil-bearing plants have been realized. Like herbal remedies, essential oils and their constituents cover a wide field of performance. These include antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. The field of aroma and smell is so attracting that Nobel Prize (2004) in physiology and Medicine was awarded for unl...
EVALUATION OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVE ACTIVITY OF NATURAL MIXTURE AND INVESTIGATION OF HERB-HERB INTERACTION
Hypertension is a common clinical problem encountered in day-to-day practice. Although several synthetic pharmaceutical drugs already exist for the treatment of hypertension, these drugs can develop many complicated side effects. On the other hand in our Arabian countries, patient compliance forces the population to frequently recourse to traditional medicine which mainly uses plants. Because of m...
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the wound healing activity of the selected Indian medicinal plants Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellarica, Ficus racemosa, Piper nigrum, Zingiber officinalis. Method: Excision and incision models for diabetes-induced rats at specified varying doses. Result: The plants showed a definite, positive effect on wound healing. Conclusion: The eff...
PLATELET AND LEUKOCYTE-INCREASING EFFECTS OF SYZYGIUM CUMINI (L.) SKEELS (MYRTACEAE) LEAVES IN A MURINE MODEL
ABSTRACT: Context: Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels (Myrtaceae) is popularly known to have various pharmacological and traditional uses. Before this study, there were no claims reporting its potential use for dengue by increasing platelet and leukocyte levels. Objectives: The effects of the methanolic extract of S. cumini leaves on the platelet and leukocyte levels were evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats...
COMPARATIVE PHARMACOGNOSY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF MEDICINAL PLANTS WITH ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY (PTEROCARPUS MARSUPIUM ROXB., AZADIRACHTA INDICA A. JUSS., TRICHOSANTHES DIOICA ROXB., SYZYGIUM CUMINI LINN. AND MOMORDICA CHARANTIA LINN.)
Diabetes mellitus is becoming a threat to the world’s population as it is spreading like an epidemic. Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb., Azadirachta indica A. Juss., Trichosanthes dioica Roxb., S. cumini Linn. and M. charantia Linn. are well known for their properties in the management of diabetes. In recent times, there has been significant growth in the field of Ayurvedic medicines because of their ...
An intensive phytochemical study of the two parts of the Piper caldense plant brings the isolation of secondary metabolites, generated by shikimate and the mevalonate pathways. Using chromatographic techniques, the ethanolic extract of leaves afforded two pheophytyns, the pheophytin (1), 151-hydroxy-pophyrinlactone a (2), a mixture of the β-sitosterol and stigmasterol steroids (3-4). Four derivat...
As a source of remedies, medicinal plants are widely used as alternative medicines for the treatment or prevention of many diseases. Ficus hispida is traditionally used for treating diarrhoea, wounds, pain, inflammation, diabetes, fever, and neurological disorders. To evaluate the qualitative phytochemical constituents and antidiarrhoeal activity of methanolic extract of Ficus hispida leaves the p...
PHARMACOGNOSTIC STUDY AND ANTIMALARIAL ACTIVITY OF THE METHANOL EXTRACT AND FRACTIONS OF BIXA ORELLANA L., (FAMILY BIXACAEA) LEAVES (ANNATTO PLANT) ON ALBINO MICE
The emergence of anti-malarial resistant parasites has posed a serious threat to the control and elimination of malaria. Therefore, there is a need for an alternative drug that is highly efficacious, affordable and safer for the treatment of malaria; hence, interest is now on the use of herbal medicine to treat malaria. Ogidi community in the Anambra State of Nigeria depends mainly on plants for t...
The research in alternative medicine and the need for the plant-based medicines that affect the ‘mind’ is developing day to day. The aim of the present study was to explore Leptadenia reticulata (roots), Mimusops elengi (bark) and Evolvulus alsinoides (Whole plant) using different animal models (conditional avoidance response, hole board test, open field test), anticonvulsant (MES induced conv...
Santalum rubrum is medicinally important plant belonging to the family of Santalaceae. It has been used extensively by Ayurvedic practitioner and is also reported to contain anthraquinones and flavonoids, these constituents are well documented to possess anti-inflammatory activity. The fatty acid compositions of the petroleum ether extract of seeds of this plant were determined by Gas Chromatograp...
Herbal medicine and their application have always been the basis of for man's curiosity from the time immemorial. Averrhoa carambola is one of the best Indian cooling medicine. It is believed to be responsible for its sweet or sour taste, of which most of the members are traditional it reported remedies to disease in rural India. However, proper justification and validation of their traditional pr...
Herbal formulation is a dosage form consisting of one or more herbs or processed herbs(s) in specified quantities to provide specific nutritional, cosmetic benefits, and/or other benefits meant for use to diagnose treat, mitigate disease of human beings or animals and / or to alter the structure or physiology of human beings or animals. The world health organization (WHO) estimates that 80% of the...
PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDY AND EVALUATION OF WOUND HEALING POTENTIAL OF CRUDE LEAVE EXTRACTS OF OROXYLUM INDICUM (L.) VENT IN WISTAR RATS
The present study was carried out to evaluate the wound healing potential of different extracts of Oroxylum indicum leave in two different types of wound models in albino rats viz., incision and excision, and compare the effects with povidone iodine ointment which is used as standard drug. Among all the extract, the ethanolic extract at a dose of (250 mg/kg) possesses a significant increase in wou...
Lantana camara is reported to be used in the traditional medicine system for the treatment of itches, cuts, ulcers, swellings, bilious fever, cataract and rheumatism. A different part of plants are used in the treatment of cold, headache, chicken pox, eye injuries; The present study is an effort to give detail information regarding macroscopy, microscopy, physical constant, phytochemical screening...