Sesamum indicum seeds have been used as a medicine since antiquity. Various parts of the plant have been used by traditional physicians. However the dried seed and oil are commonly used as Till in Unani Medicine. It (Sesamum indicum) is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world, mainly grown for extraction of oil from seeds. Sesame belongs to the family Pedaliaceae and genus Sesamum, is a f...
Cancer is a non-communicable life-threatening disease and a majority of cancers are caused due to inflammatory responses and association with precursor lesions termed as proliferative inflammatory factors. Inflammatory response arises because of dysfunction of anti-oxidative proteins due to DNA damage and may increase oxidative stress. This review mainly focuses on the inflammatory factors which t...
ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF THE SEED EXTRACTS OF ALLIGATOR PEPPER (AFRAMOMUM DANIELLI ROXB.) ON SALMONELLA TYPHIMURIUM AND ESCHERICHIA COLI
The study investigated the antibacterial properties of the water and ethanolic extracts of the seed of alligator pepper on two bacterial species, Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli, which are known human pathogens. The phytochemicals (alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, glycosides, and phytates) in the seed extracts were estimated. The organisms were obtained from the microbiology l...
NUTRITIONAL ANALYSIS OF FRUIT PULP OF MORINGA OLEIFERA LAM., FROM SUPERMARKET OF GULBARGA DISTRICT, KARNATAKA, INDIA
Moringa oleifera is a native of North India. It is found throughout the tropical region. The plant is used for medicinal and high nutritional purposes throughout India. However, there is no such type of work in the region of the Gulbarga district. So, the present study revealed that the nutritional analysis of fruit pulp of M. oleifera from Super Market of Gulbarga district, Karnataka, India. The ...
Essential oils are obtained from plant material. The essence or aromas of plants are due to volatile or essential oils, many of which have been valued since antiquity for their characteristic odours. In this study, qualitative and quantitative analyses of the essential oil compositions in cinnamon oil were made by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In this analysis, the main const...
BOTANICAL STUDIES ON RAW HERBAL SAMPLES OF WOODFORDIA FRUTICOSA (L.) KURZ- AN IMPORTANT AYURVEDIC PLANT
Raw herbal samples used in the herbal medicine industry need to be properly identified for use in an herbal preparation. Plant parts of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz belonging to the Lythraceae family, apart from some commercial uses, is known for its medicinal value in ethno medicines and various Indian traditional medicine systems, including Ayurveda. Flowers are reported high trade value (2000...
HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF MORUS ALBA (LINN). LEAVES EXTRACT AGAINST PARACETAMOL INDUCED HEPATOTOXICITY IN RATS
Aim: To investigate the hepatoprotective activity of Morus alba Linn. alcoholic leaves extracts against paracetamol-induced hepatitis in rats. Materials and Methods: The Morus alba leaves extracted with alcoholic (ALE), and water extract (AQE) against Paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity and using Standard drug is Liv-52. Preliminary phytochemical tests were done. Results: The ALE showed presence of...
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF THE HYDRO-ETHANOLIC TRUNK BARK EXTRACT OF STEREOSPERMUM KUNTHIANIUM CHAM. TRUNK (BIGNONIACEAE) AND ITS FRACTIONS
Stereospermum kunthianum Cham. is a small, to medium-sized tree, sometimes only a small shrub. Bark grey, smooth, sometimes flaking, revealing pale under bark. In Senegal this plant is used in traditional medicine against gastritis, asthenia, respiratory diseases but also as a wound healing. The present study was taken up to research an anti-bacterial activity in the trunk bark hydro-ethanolic ext...
Achyranthes aspera Linn. belongs to the family Amaranthaceae is a perennial stiff, erect herb, 2.0 m high is growing up to 1000 m in height. Achyranthes aspera is a rough flowered stalk is described as in Sanskrit synonyms. The medicinal plants are used for the treatment of various diseases because of their safety and effectiveness. Though almost all of its parts are used in traditional systems of...
ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS FROM PLANT PISONIA ACULEATA LINN BY SPECTRAL ANALYSIS
Botanicals and herbal preparations for medicinal usage contain various types of bioactive compounds. The focus of this paper is on the analysis of bioactive compounds present in the Pisonea aculeata Linn. having anticancer activity involving the applications of chromatographic techniques such as TLC and column chromatography, Spectrophotometric techniques such as UV, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, and EIMS spec...