The discovery of drugs for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) therapy that can also permeate the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is very difficult owing to its specificity and restrictive nature. The BBB disruption or drug administration directly into the brain is not an option due to toxic effects and low diffusion of the therapeutic molecule in the brain parenchyma. A promising approach for systemic drug deli...
Respiratory disease is a medical term that refers to the pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible in higher organisms and includes conditions of the upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura, and pleural cavity, and the nerves and muscles of breathing cavity. The common respiratory disorders include COPD, Asthma, Chronic...
ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF THE SEED EXTRACTS OF ALLIGATOR PEPPER (AFRAMOMUM DANIELLI ROXB.) ON SALMONELLA TYPHIMURIUM AND ESCHERICHIA COLI
The study investigated the antibacterial properties of the water and ethanolic extracts of the seed of alligator pepper on two bacterial species, Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli, which are known human pathogens. The phytochemicals (alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, glycosides, and phytates) in the seed extracts were estimated. The organisms were obtained from the microbiology l...
Arjuna is a well-known drug in Ayurveda. It is mainly used for heart disease, Obesity, and hemorrhagic disorders. It is used in various dosage form in Ayurveda such as powder, milk-based decoction, alcoholic fermented liquids, tablets, etc. Its bark is used for therapeutic purposes. Although it is widely available all over India, most of the time it is procured from the market; hence it needs to a...
Herbal medicines have attracted the researcher’s attention nowadays as scientific evidence is coming regularlyon their safety and efficacy. Katan (Linum usitatissimum Linn) is a potent therapeutic agent of Unani medicine for respiratory tract diseases since ancient times. Unani scholars have described Katan as having pharmacological effects, i.e., Mohallil-e-Auram Munaffis-e-Balgham Mulattif Mun...
Sesamum indicum seeds have been used as a medicine since antiquity. Various parts of the plant have been used by traditional physicians. However the dried seed and oil are commonly used as Till in Unani Medicine. It (Sesamum indicum) is one of the oldest cultivated plants in the world, mainly grown for extraction of oil from seeds. Sesame belongs to the family Pedaliaceae and genus Sesamum, is a f...
Cancer is a non-communicable life-threatening disease and a majority of cancers are caused due to inflammatory responses and association with precursor lesions termed as proliferative inflammatory factors. Inflammatory response arises because of dysfunction of anti-oxidative proteins due to DNA damage and may increase oxidative stress. This review mainly focuses on the inflammatory factors which t...
NUTRITIONAL ANALYSIS OF FRUIT PULP OF MORINGA OLEIFERA LAM., FROM SUPERMARKET OF GULBARGA DISTRICT, KARNATAKA, INDIA
Moringa oleifera is a native of North India. It is found throughout the tropical region. The plant is used for medicinal and high nutritional purposes throughout India. However, there is no such type of work in the region of the Gulbarga district. So, the present study revealed that the nutritional analysis of fruit pulp of M. oleifera from Super Market of Gulbarga district, Karnataka, India. The ...
ETHNO-BOTANICAL STUDY OF SELECTED PLANTS USE, PREPARATION AND APPLICATION BY PEOPLE OF OJU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA
A good number of medicinal and aromatic plants are used as complementary and alternative medicine in different regions of Nigeria. However, some of this valuable ethnobotanical knowledge has not been formally documented. Hence, the objective of this study was to document the ethnomedicinal plants, their preparations, and applications in managing a variety of ailments in the Oju local government ar...
Essential oils are obtained from plant material. The essence or aromas of plants are due to volatile or essential oils, many of which have been valued since antiquity for their characteristic odours. In this study, qualitative and quantitative analyses of the essential oil compositions in cinnamon oil were made by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In this analysis, the main const...