Sulfated polysaccharides (SP) were extracted from Corallina officinalis marine red algae seaweed by using hydrothermal processes at 100 °C. The antioxidant activity of C. officinalis sulfated polysaccharide was determined using the (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, DPPH) method, showing that this polysaccharide has a moderate effect in inhibiting the formation of those radicals. This study demonstr...
In a few decades, there has been exponential growing in the field of herbal medicines. Most of the traditional system of medicine is effective, but they lack standardization. So, there is a need to develop a standardization technique. Standardization of herbal formulation is essential to assess the quality, purity, safety, and efficacy of the drug based on the concentration of their principles. Th...
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY EVALUATION OF SOME SUBSTITUTED PYRAZOLE DERIVATIVES
A series of substituted acetophenones are condensed with hydrazides to the corresponding hydrazones which are subsequently cyclized by using volumizer-Haack reaction to give new pyrazole derivatives. All the compounds 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d, 4e were screened for antioxidant, anti-inflammatory activity. Few of the compounds showing good antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity....
This study was carried out to evaluate the thrombolytic and membrane stabilizing activities of Launaea sarmentosa plants. The crude methanolic extract of L. sarmentosa (whole plants) was investigated for in-vitro thrombolytic and membrane stabilizing activities at five different concentrations of 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 mg/ml respectively. In the case of thrombolytic study, it was dose-dependently incre...
PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ETHNO BOTANICAL STUDY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS USED TO TREAT ECTOPARASITES IN RUMINANT ANIMALS IN EASTERN TIGRAY, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA
The use of ethnobotany practices to treat and control ruminant livestock diseases is old practices in large part of the world. To investigate Traditional medicinal plants used to treat ectoparasites in ruminant animals’ Semi-structured interview, observation and field guided walks were used with ruminant livestock owner, local and traditional healers who had willing to share their indigenous kno...
Introduction: Obesity is associated with DM Type-II. The major basis for the association between these two is the ability of obesity to engender insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is a fundamental aspect of etiology of DM Type-II. Different factors increase insulin resistance, but FFA is the most common factor to increase insulin resistance. Aims and Objectives: Most of the obese person (80%) ...
IDENTIFICATION OF ENDEMIC CURCUMA ALBIFLORA THW. FROM CURCUMA SPECIES GROWN IN SRI LANKA BY DNA BARCODING METHOD
Curcuma is an important genus in traditional medicine. Five plants are reported in Sri Lanka; C. albiflora, C. aromatica, C. longa, C. zedoaria, and C. oligantha. Since the phylogenetic analysis of gene sequences and combining with complete genomic sequences helps to identify the genetic basis of plants, the current study was conducted. Standard CTAB method with little modifications was used for t...
STUDIES ON ETHNOMEDICINE AND ROLE OF TRADITIONAL HEALTH PRACTITIONERS (THPs) IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS (PHCs) IN THE TRIBAL DOMINATED AREAS OF RAJASTHAN- INDIA
The tribal people depend on plants and plant products for their livelihood, and most of the people still depend on traditional herbal medicine suggested by traditional medicine men or traditional health practitioners (THPs) for their primary health care. In this paper 36 herbal formulations of 59 plant species belonging to 40 families to cure 16 common diseases suggested by 32 traditional health p...
BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPROACH FOR MEDICINAL PLANT CONSERVATION AND ENHANCED PRODUCTION OF SECONDARY METABOLITES
Growing awareness and interest towards traditional health care system coupled with phenomenal increase in demand and trade of medicinal plant has caused severe threat to the very existence of medicinal plants, which can be gauged from the fact that a number of important medicinal plants are becoming threatened or extinct, and an increasing number of species are being substituted in herbal preparat...
Gymnema sylvestre R. Br is a valuable herb extensively used in the ayurvedic and indigenous medicinal system, belonging to the family Asclepiadaceae. It has the property of abolishing the taste of sugar and hence given name gurmar (sugar destroying). This plant has also found application in pharmaceuticals; the whole plant is rich in secondary metabolites, which impart medicinal uses to the plant....