IDENTIFICATION OF ENDEMIC CURCUMA ALBIFLORA THW. FROM CURCUMA SPECIES GROWN IN SRI LANKA BY DNA BARCODING METHOD
Curcuma is an important genus in traditional medicine. Five plants are reported in Sri Lanka; C. albiflora, C. aromatica, C. longa, C. zedoaria, and C. oligantha. Since the phylogenetic analysis of gene sequences and combining with complete genomic sequences helps to identify the genetic basis of plants, the current study was conducted. Standard CTAB method with little modifications was used for t...
Introduction: Obesity is associated with DM Type-II. The major basis for the association between these two is the ability of obesity to engender insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is a fundamental aspect of etiology of DM Type-II. Different factors increase insulin resistance, but FFA is the most common factor to increase insulin resistance. Aims and Objectives: Most of the obese person (80%) ...
A study was conducted to assess root, leaves and flowers extracts of Cichorium intybus for their antimicrobial activities (against four bacterial and fungal strains), antioxidants activities (DPPH, ABTS H2O2 and reducing power assays) and cytotoxicities assays. The results indicate remarkable inhibition of plant extracts for the growth of all bacterial and fungal strains as well as appropriate MIC...
PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ETHNO BOTANICAL STUDY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS USED TO TREAT ECTOPARASITES IN RUMINANT ANIMALS IN EASTERN TIGRAY, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA
The use of ethnobotany practices to treat and control ruminant livestock diseases is old practices in large part of the world. To investigate Traditional medicinal plants used to treat ectoparasites in ruminant animals’ Semi-structured interview, observation and field guided walks were used with ruminant livestock owner, local and traditional healers who had willing to share their indigenous kno...
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY EVALUATION OF SOME SUBSTITUTED PYRAZOLE DERIVATIVES
A series of substituted acetophenones are condensed with hydrazides to the corresponding hydrazones which are subsequently cyclized by using volumizer-Haack reaction to give new pyrazole derivatives. All the compounds 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d, 4e were screened for antioxidant, anti-inflammatory activity. Few of the compounds showing good antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity....
This study was carried out to evaluate the thrombolytic and membrane stabilizing activities of Launaea sarmentosa plants. The crude methanolic extract of L. sarmentosa (whole plants) was investigated for in-vitro thrombolytic and membrane stabilizing activities at five different concentrations of 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 mg/ml respectively. In the case of thrombolytic study, it was dose-dependently incre...
BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF EXTRACTS AND SEASONAL VARIATION IN ESSENTIAL OIL COMPOSITION FROM MYRCIARIA GLAZIOVIANA (MYRTACEAE)
Extracts from leaves, stems and flower buds of Myrciaria glazioviana were analyzed for their antioxidant and anticholinesterase activity. The methanolic extracts showed the best results in reducing power (623.52 - 806.15 mg AA/g of extract), DPPH radical scavenging (IC50 = 9.77 - 14.06µg/mL) and lipid peroxidation inhibition activity (21.30 - 66.80 %). These data were correlated to the total phen...
ANTIHYPERLIPIDEMIC ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF AMORPHOPHALLUS PAEONIIFOLIUS TUBER IN TRITON WR 1339 INDUCED HYPERLIPIDEMIC RATS
Hyperlipidemia is the most prominent risk factor in coronary heart disease. The present study was designed to investigate the anti-hyperlipidemic activity of Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Tuber in Triton WR-1339 induced hyperlipidemic rats. Amorphophallus paeoniifolius extract was administered at a different dose of 250mg/kg, 500mg/kg (p.o) daily for 7 days to hyperlipidemic rats. Gemfibrozil is us...
STUDIES ON ETHNOMEDICINE AND ROLE OF TRADITIONAL HEALTH PRACTITIONERS (THPs) IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS (PHCs) IN THE TRIBAL DOMINATED AREAS OF RAJASTHAN- INDIA
The tribal people depend on plants and plant products for their livelihood, and most of the people still depend on traditional herbal medicine suggested by traditional medicine men or traditional health practitioners (THPs) for their primary health care. In this paper 36 herbal formulations of 59 plant species belonging to 40 families to cure 16 common diseases suggested by 32 traditional health p...
Gymnema sylvestre R. Br is a valuable herb extensively used in the ayurvedic and indigenous medicinal system, belonging to the family Asclepiadaceae. It has the property of abolishing the taste of sugar and hence given name gurmar (sugar destroying). This plant has also found application in pharmaceuticals; the whole plant is rich in secondary metabolites, which impart medicinal uses to the plant....