PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION OF PHYTOCHEMICALS OF SAUSSUREA OBVALLATA (BRAHM KAMAL) AND PITTOSPORUM ERIOCARPUM (AGNI): TWO ENDANGERED MEDICINAL PLANT SPECIES OF UTTARAKHANDAbstract
Aim of this study was to determine the presence of phytochemical components in Saussurea obvallata and Pittosporum eriocarpum, two endangered medicinal plant species of Uttarakhand. Phytochemicals are non-nutritive plant chemicals that have protective or disease preventive properties. These components are produced by plants to protect themselves, but recent researches demonstrate that they can also protect humans against diseases. Our research shows the presence of active components in Brahma kamal and Agni extract with different solvents like methanol, ethanol, chloroform, and distilled water. Traditionally these herbs had been used for the treatment of various disorders like paralysis of limbs, cerebral ischemia, narcotic, expectorant, bronchitis, urinary tract problems, cough, etc. Our results indicated the presence of active components like alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, etc. These components are responsible for the modulation in different disorders like Alzheimer, stroke, and epilepsy, etc. Our research team is carrying out a detailed investigation of components and its role in different disorders.
P. Semwal, P. Anthwal, T. Kapoor and A. Thapliyal*
Department of Biotechnology, Graphic Era University Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
10 January 2014
26 February 2014
30 March 2014
01 April 2014