The Kasni, Cichorium intybus of family Asteraceae Class Magnoliopsida, which is also known as Chicory, is well known traditional herb included in many systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha system of medicine. The genus Cichorium has six species with majorly distributed in Europe and Asia. It is cultivated in countries such as the UK, Belgium, France, Netherlands, Germany, South Afric...
Kidney stones are a growing global problem. It is also known as Urolithiasis. Lithiasis is a condition where urinary calculus is formed in the kidney and urinary tract. It is a complicated urinary disorder that has gravely troubled the health and quality of human life. Urinary stones affect 10-12% of the population in industrialized countries. There are only a few geographical areas in which the s...
Due to advances in drug delivery technology, currently, excipients are included in novel dosage forms to fulfill specific functions and in some cases; they directly or indirectly influence the extent and rate of drug release and drug absorption. Recent trends towards the use of plant-based and natural products demand the replacement of synthetic additives with natural ones. Today, the whole world ...
The medicinal plants have attracted great attention in recent years for better therapeutic management of diseases. Nigella sativa is one of the most extensively studied plants and has gained more and more interest in potential medical use in recent years. Historical and traditional uses of this herb have been widely documented in ancient documents; and Nigella sativa has been broadly used througho...
Background: Gilbert’s syndrome (GS) is the most common form of congenital, non haemolytic, mild unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. Familial cases linked with mutation in enzyme UDP glucuronosyl transferase 1 producing decreased conjugation of bilirubin which accumulates in the form of unconjugated bilirubin. Hyperbilirubinaemia is mild (<6 mg/dl) while liver enzymes & histology are always ...
DIOSPYROS MELANOXYLON ROXB IN CANCER PREVENTION: PHARMACOLOGICAL SCREENING, PHARMACOKINETICS AND CLINICAL STUDIES
Plants contain a galaxy of phytoconstituents which accounts for their remedial worth. This plant has been used expansively for its medicinal value all over the world. Different plant parts have been used for its different pharmacological screening, including cancer therapy and leaves can be wrapped to create the “beedi” filled with tobacco which has outsold conventional cigarettes in India. Ex...
Calcium oxalate crystals have a definite biological function in medicinal plants and act as a good diagnostic tool for the identification and detection of adulterants in crude drugs. The occurrence of calcium oxalate crystals was evident in Moringa pterygesperma, Mentha arvensis, Cissus quadrangularis, Murraya koenigii and Amaranthus gangiticus leaves. Rosette, druse, raphides, acicular and prisma...
ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF FRACTIONATED LEAF EXTRACTS OF CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS
Antioxidant effectiveness of indigenous medicinal plant C. roseus leaves extracts and fractions with solvents of different polarity (ethanol, methanol, acetone, hexane, butanol, and water) were assessed for DPPH radical scavenging activity. The C. roseus extracts and fractions contained appreciable levels of the antioxidant activities of leaves of C. roseus at various concentrations. The leaves of...
BIOACTIVE CONSTITUENTS, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CHENOPODIUM ALBUM: A MIRACLE WEED
Chenopodium album L. (family Chenopodiaceae), a noxious weed globally distributed that is a large genus commonly known as white goosefoot and fat-hen, melde, pigweed, lamb’s quarters, lambsquarters or local names. It has nutritious value and more than thirteen compounds accounted and subsistence food crop; seed are processed into flour for pancakes and bread. It is boiled and mixed with oth...
Rhizoma Curcumae longae is the dried rhizome of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae), commonly known as turmeric, has a long history of traditional uses for culinary purposes as a spice and as a food colorant. This study was aimed at establishing the microscopic identification of different commercial samples and developing parameters for discriminating turmeric powders. In this study, fifteen sample...