DESCRIPTION OF APIUM GRAVEOLENS (TUKHM KARAFS) IN UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE AND WESTERN PERSPECTIVE -AN APPRAISAL
Apium graveolens Linn. is an indigenous herb that belongs to the family of Apiaceae. In Unani System of Medicine, this plant is commonly known as Karafs, and it is used to treat numerous diseases (Sue mizaj Jigar, Zofe Isteha, Yarqan, Sudda Jigar, Wajaul mafasil, Simane mufrit, Sartan, Hisate Gurdah, Falij was Istirkha, Niqras, etc.). Various studies have revealed that Karafs plays a vital role in...
The proliferation of β-cells is the main contributor to the mass cell maintenance in the pancreatic islets. In our earlier work the suppression of β-cell growth by aggregated peptide hormone of the pancreas, amylin, has been proved. The in-vitro protection of the cells from aggregated amylin-associated death by several plant extracts and their constituents has been shown. In the present work, ...
The botanical supplement market is growing at a rapid rate, and this trend is expected to continue to progress. In the world of Nutraceuticals, Echinacea plant is widely used for medicinal and commercial purposes. This Native American herb has a remarkable record of clinical and laboratory study, as well a long history of medicinal use in the management of a variety of conditions. Phytomedicinal p...
CURRENT REVIEW ON BIOTECHNOLOGICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF SIMAROUBA GLAUCA-AN OIL YIELDING PLANT.
Simarouba glauca is one of the important herbal drugs used against dysentery and has a long history in herbal medicine in many countries. The bark and leaf extract of Simarouba is well known for its different types of pharmacological properties such as hemostatic, antihelminthic, antiparasitic, antidysenteric, antipyretic and anti-cancerous. The bark is used to cure fever, malaria, stomach and bow...
COMPOSITIONS, DISTRIBUTIONS AND STATUS OF ECONOMIC PLANTS AMONG INVASIVE FLORAS OF UTTARPARA, WEST BENGAL, INDIA
A survey was carried out from 2005 to 2010 to invent the invasive alien plant species and their economic uses in urban and adjoining rural areas of Uttarpara, Hooghly district, West Bengal. The study revealed the occurrence of 103 alien angiospermic plant species under 32 families, of which four families (Araceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Pontederiaceae) are monocots. Dicot family Fabaceae dominated w...
A REVIEW ON PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF MICHELIA CHAMPACA LINN. FAMILY: MAGNOLIACEAE
Michelia Champaca Linn., belonging to family Magnoliaceae, is commonly known as Champa. It is a medium size evergreen tree highly distributed in eastern Sub-Himalayan tract, West Bengal, Myanmar, and South India in addition to China. This plant is useful either as an ornamental purpose or as traditional ethnomedicine. Now, the purpose of this article is to describe the pharmacognostic, pharmacolog...
Standardization is the need of the hour in Ayurvedic system of medicine. The traditional systems of medicine are really effective but the problem with them is they lack in quality assurance. This enables us to recognise the quality of the formulation. The Central Council of Research in Ayurveda and Siddha has prescribed the preliminary guidelines for testing the quality of these formulations. It i...
Plants are valuable sources of natural products. Despite the availability of different approaches for the discovery of therapeutically, natural products remain as one of the best reservoirs of new structural types. They play a major role in the cure of various diseases from ancient time. Role of plant metabolites to inhibit the growth and activity of pathogenic bacteria is cherished. Research towa...
Callicarpa macrophylla (Verbenaceae) has been commonly used in traditional medicine for a wide range of ailments related to the circulatory, digestive, endocrine, respiratory and skeletal systems as well as to infectious diseases. It provides the up-to-date information that is available on the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of Callicarpa macrophylla. Additio...
The Hulbah, Trigonella foenum-graecum of family Legumenasea which is commonly known as methi, in the traditional system of medicine including Unani Medicine. Hulba is an annual herb, 1-2 fit long contains the seed in long, narrow sickle shape pods called Tukhme Hulbah. Hulbah leaves are yellowish green, petiolate, usually 2-5 cm long called Burge Hulbah. The Hulbah contains alkaloids, e.g., trimet...