Plants have been used for health and medical purposes for several thousands of years. The clinical experience built over many centuries provides a substantial basis for the safe and effective use of herbal medicines, not just as a main form of therapy, but as a complement to the mainstream of western medical treatment in certain diseases. Till today, few plant species that provide medicinal herbs ...
TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL PROFILE AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF LUFFA ACUTANGULA LINN.
Inflammation is a body defence reaction to prevent the spread of injurious agent and to remove the necrosed cells and tissues. Inflammatory abnormalities are a large group of disorders which underlie a vast variety of human diseases. During treatment of inflammatory diseases, many conventional therapies (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) used to relief pain and inflammation. Continuous use of...
A rapid, simple, selective and precise UV-Visible spectrophotometric method has been developed for the determination of Curcumin in bulk and nano-formulation. The spectrophotometric detection was carried out at an absorption maximum of 421 nm using methanol as solvent. The method was validated for various validation parameters. The linearity range was found to be 5-25 μg/ml with a correlation coe...
Areca catechu has been in use as a social drug from the time immemorial and usually chewed by at least 10% of the world’s population. Areca catechu commonly known as supari consists of dried ripe nuts and belongs to the family Palmae which is cultivated in tropical India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, South China, the East Indies, the Philippines Islands and part of East Africa (including Zanzibar and Ta...
PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PRELIMINARY PHYSIOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF PLANT THEVETIA PERUVIANA LEAVES AND FLOWERS
Thevetia peruviana is found distributed throughout tropical parts of India. Their leaves are used as cardiotonic and diuretic. Flowers of plant Thevetia peruviana were reported to possess good medicinal value in the traditional system of medicine; the present investigation deals with macroscopic, microscopic and preliminary phytochemical investigation of flowers of Thevetia peruviana which include...
Bauhinia Variegata Linn. is a widely used medicinal plant distributed in the tropical regions throughout the world. Its various part i.e. flowers, flower buds, stem, roots, stem bark, seeds, leaves have been used since ancient times for the treatment of a large range of diseases such as dysentery, diarrhoea, haemorrhoids, piles, oedema, laxative, anthelmintic, astringent, antileprotic, wound heali...
Misfolding of some proteins, their self-assembly into insoluble amyloid structures underlies many diseases, constituting a group of amyloid-related pathology. Fibrillation of peptide hormone of the pancreas, amylin, is considered as one of the causes of death of β-cells in type 2 diabetes. In this work we studied in-vitro protection of islet β-cells from death in the presence of aggregated amyli...
Garlic is one of the earliest well known medicinal plants, which used to cure different disease in a human being. It used to fight infections, prevent cancer, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, anthelmintic, anti- antioxidant, and wound healing. Based on the above important of garlic, this study was conducted to investigate the antibacterial activity of garlic extracts (ethanol, acetone and aqueous e...
PLATELET AND LEUKOCYTE-INCREASING EFFECTS OF SYZYGIUM CUMINI (L.) SKEELS (MYRTACEAE) LEAVES IN A MURINE MODEL
ABSTRACT: Context: Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels (Myrtaceae) is popularly known to have various pharmacological and traditional uses. Before this study, there were no claims reporting its potential use for dengue by increasing platelet and leukocyte levels. Objectives: The effects of the methanolic extract of S. cumini leaves on the platelet and leukocyte levels were evaluated in Sprague-Dawley rats...
Calotropis gigantea (Asclepiadaceae) is a perennial herb with a long history of use in traditional medicines. A wide range of chemical compounds including cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, terpenoids, alkaloids, tannins, & resins has been isolated from this plant. The plant has been used for various disease condition including leprosy, ulcers, tumors and piles. Various pharmacological activities...