A BRIEF REVIEW ON MEDICINAL PLANT AND SCREENING METHOD OF ANTILITHIATIC AVTIVITYAbstract
Kidney stones are a growing global problem. It is also known as Urolithiasis. Lithiasis is a condition where urinary calculus is formed in the kidney and urinary tract. It is a complicated urinary disorder that has gravely troubled the health and quality of human life. Urinary stones affect 10-12% of the population in industrialized countries. There are only a few geographical areas in which the stone disease is rare, e.g., Germany and in the coastal areas of Japan. Conventional agents are being used to control kidney stone along with lifestyle management. Medicinal plants are found to be useful in this metabolic disorder from ancient days due to its no or low-toxic nature, easily available in rural areas, cheap; there are fewer chances of recurrence. The purpose of this paper is to critically review the available literature on various medicinal plants with their antilithiatic activity and screening method of this activity to develop an effective drug to treat the disease.
D. K. Chanchal *, P. Niranjan, S. Alok, S. Kulshreshtha, A. Dongray and S. Dwivedi
Department of Pharmacognosy, Institute of Pharmacy, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
20 October 2015
26 November 2015
06 December 2015
31 January 2016