POTENTIAL ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF SPONDIAS PINNATA (FAMILY: ANACARDIACEAE) BARK EXTRACT IN RATS WITH STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETES MELLITUS
The present study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of aqueous bark extract of Spondias pinnata (Linn. f.) Kurz (Family: Anacardiaceae) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by the activities of liver enzymes, antioxidant enzymes, and the extent of lipid peroxidation (LPO) in the liver of streptozotocin (STZ) ‑diabetic rats. S. pinnata extract ...
The stem of Spermadictyon suaveolens Roxb. (Rubiaceae) was evaluated for its pharmacognostic characteristics. The stem was assessed for its macroscopic, organoleptic, microscopic and phytochemical characters. The macroscopic study revealed variation in color of the stem when fresh and dried. The macroscopic evaluation was studied with parameters viz. color, odor, shape, and surface in fresh and dr...
Our ecosystem is laden with hazardous and non-hazardous wastes that pose a serious threat to bio-existence. Most pharmaceutical formulations contain chemically-synthesized surfactants. The purpose of this work is to suggest an alternative source of surfactant which would also aid in ridding our environment of harmful wastes. Bacillus licheniformis B-4 strain isolated from a hydrocarbon dump site p...
A STUDY ON THE INDIGENOUS MEDICINAL PLANTS AND HEALING PRACTICES OF MURONG TRIBE IN KHAGRACHARI DISTRICT (BANGLADESH)
An ethnomedicinal survey was carried out during August 2008 to October 2008 among tribal medicinal practitioners of the Murong tribes. Various Murong tribal practitioners practiced in their localities for treating different kinds of disease of Ramgarh Upazila, Khagrachari districts of Chittagong Hill Tracts Region in Bangladesh. We observed to use 40 plants species belonging to 29 families in the ...
DETERMINATION OF FLURBIROFEN IN PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS BY FIRST- ORDER DERIVATIVE SPECTROPHOTOMETRY METHOD
Flurbiprofen is a new non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, one of the propionic acid groups, which has significant anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic properties. Clinically, it is used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, acute musculoskeletal disorders, low back pain, and allied conditions. In this study, the f...
MEMBRANE STABILIZATION, INHIBITION OF ‘HISTAMINE AND PROSTAGLANDIN SYNTHESIS’ MEDIATED ANTI INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE OF SOME INDIGENOUS PLANTS
In the present study the anti-inflammatory, analgesic activity and mechanistic pathway of Centratherum anthelminticum (Willd.) Kuntze (CA), Cissus quadrangularis Linn. (CQ) and Kigelia pinnata DC (KP) was tested in rats using carrageenan induced paw edema method. The central analgesic activity was assessed by radiant heat method, hot plate method, and tail immersion method. The peripheral analgesi...
Nanosuspensions have the versatile potential for efficient exploitation of different drug delivery formulations and routes because of the properties provided by their small size. In the present study, curcumin extraction was carried out from Curcuma longa (crude curcuminoids) using soxhlet extraction method with ethanol as a solvent which gives a high yield. Formulations of nanosuspensions with th...
Plants have been used for centuries as a remedy for human diseases because they contain phytochemical components of therapeutic values. Hexane, ethyl acetate and ethanolic extract of Premna latifolia were investigated for phytochemical constituent and antioxidant activity. The phytochemical constituent was investigated using standard chemical methods. Further, the study was extended by analyzing t...
BIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF IN VIVO DIURETIC AND ANTIUROLITHIATIC ACTIVITIES OF LEAF EXTRACTS OF MELOCHIA CORCHORIFOLIA
The present study was investigated to establish the diuretic and antiurolithiatic activities of chloroform and ethanolic leaf extract of Melochia corchorifolia. The chloroform and ethanolic leaf extract were administered to experimental rats orally at a dose of 200 mg/ kg and 400 mg/kg. Furosemide (5 mg/kg) was used as reference standard for diuretic activity. The parameters measured for diuretic ...
Emergence of multidrug-resistant strains of pathogens and adverse effects of antibiotics have rapid lead search for new antimicrobials. Medicinal plants have gained more importance as a source of alternative and effective drugs. Euclea racemosa sub sp. schimperi (DC.) Dandy (Ebenaceae) has many traditional uses against infections and related disorders. The objective of this study was to evaluate t...