Volume 5 (2018) - Issue 9, September
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory and systemic autoimmune disease, affecting people predominantly between the ages of 20-60 years with an unpredictable course. About 1% of the world's population is afflicted by rheumatoid arthritis and is two to three times more common in women than men. This is a long-lasting disease that can affect joints in any part of the body, most commonly ...
In olden days, plants have been an ever dependent source of medicine. Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homeopathy have mentioned the use of plants in the treatment of various human diseases. Ficus benghalensis Linn. (Banyan tree) Moraceae is a plant that is widely distributed in India. The English name Banyan is given by the Britishers to this tree because under the tree Banias, i.e., the Hindu merchan...
Digitalis purpurea commonly known as foxgloves belong to the genus Digitalis, which is a member of the family Plantaginaceae. Due to their effectivity in the treatment of heart insufficiency, cardenolides from Digitalis have been used extensively worldwide. Digitalis purpurea is the most important source of cardiac glycosides or cardenolides, volatile oil, fatty matter, starch, gum, and sugars. Th...
CYTOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF QUERCITIN AND SILYMARIN ON LIPO POLYSACCHARIDE – AND PARAQUAT-INDUCED CYTOTOXICITY IN ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES: INFECTIOUS AND NON-INFECTIOUS CHALLENGES
Cytotoxicity of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a bacteria-related compound and paraquat (PQ) as a non-bacterial toxicant on freshly isolated alveolar macrophages (AMs) was studied. At the same time, preventive, protective and therapeutic effects of quercetin (QCN) against LPS-induced and silymarin (SMN) against PQ-produced cytotoxicity as known antioxidants with potent anti-inflammatory property were...
JORDANIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE SOURCE FOR NEW ANTIMICROBIALS AGAINST MULTI DRUG RESISTANT: REVIEW
Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to global health, food security, and development today. Medicinal plants have historically proven their value as a source of molecules with therapeutic potential. The interest in natural product-based drug discovery has revitalized in recent years because synthetic compound libraries and high throughput screening for discovery of new drug leads d...
EXTRACTION, PURIFICATION AND DETERMINATION OF PHYTO-COMPONENT OF FATTY ACIDS FROM IRVINGIA GABONENSIS SEEDS
Objective: This study was designed to extract, purify and determine the phyto-components in the petroleum ether extract of Irvingia gabonensis seeds (IGS). A multiple batch extraction procedure was employed using petroleum ether as a solvent. A specified quantity of the IGS was size reduced, dispersed in freshly distilled water by heating to a temperature of 80 ºC. The dispersion was then filtere...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND IN-VITRO ACARICIDAL ACTIVITY OF THREE HERBAL EXTRACTS AGAINST CATTLE TICK BOOPHILUS DECOLORATUS
This study was designed to determine the acaricidal effect of Datura stramonium, Nicotiana glauca and Azadirachta indica herbal extracts against the common cattle tick Boophilus decolratous. Qualitative phytochemical analysis using standard techniques was also used to detect secondary metabolites contained in the selected herbs. The percent adult mortality and percentage inhibition of oviposition ...
Vegetables are very rich in health-promoting phytochemicals like flavonoids and phenolic compounds. The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of commonly used cooking (i.e., open and pressure cooking) methods on phytochemical content (i.e., polyphenols, flavonoids) and antioxidant activity levels as measured by DPPH and FRAP assay. Results showed that cooking methods have a great ef...
Baccaurea ramiflora, which is commonly known as Burmese grape, is a commonly used medicinal plant in South Asian folk medicine. They are potent in treating dermatological disorders and constipation. The study aims to investigate the possible biological activities of B. ramiflora by determination of antioxidant activities of total ethanolic extracts through the free radical scavenging activity over...
Baccaurea ramiflora Lour., syn. Baccaurea sapida (Roxb.) Muell. Arg. known as Burmese grapes belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae and is native to Southeast Asia. The observance on Baccaurea ramiflora leads that this plant is utilized as an antichloristic and anodyne against rheumatoid arthritis, abscesses, cellulitis and treat injuries. This plant also has anti-diarrheal, analgesic, anti-inflammat...
HPTLC STUDIES OF PHENOLIC ACID CONTENT IN UNRIPE AND RIPE VARIETIES OF MANGIFERA INDICA L. (ANACARDIACEAE)
Mango is the most popular fruit having excellent flavor, pleasant aroma, attractive color, and taste. It is a good source of vitamin A and C, TSS (total soluble solids) and minerals. It is also a medium source of carbohydrate. Their fruit has distinct physio-morphological characteristic features and composition variation. Phenolics are aromatic benzene ring compounds with one or more hydroxyl grou...
The qualitative estimation of herbal formulation Lohasava, is of principal importance to justify their adequacy in the present system of medicine. One of the key problems which are faced by the herbal drug industry is the unavailability of rigid quality control profiles for herbal materials and their formulations. Regulatory bodies have such as WHO, AYUSH, ICH, etc., had laid down the standardizat...
Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. ex. Buch.-Ham. (Family: Clusiaceae), is an evergreen potent medicinal plant with fluted trunk commonly known as Amlavethasa. It is used by various ethnic communities of North-East India to treat various ailments such as asthma, cough, jaundice, fever, dysentery and as a cardiotonic. The plant is considered to be containing much medicinal value and mature fruit, and tende...