MORPHO-ANATOMICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF GARCINIA PEDUNCULATA ROXB. EX. BUCH.-HAM.Abstract
Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. ex. Buch.-Ham. (Family: Clusiaceae), is an evergreen potent medicinal plant with fluted trunk commonly known as Amlavethasa. It is used by various ethnic communities of North-East India to treat various ailments such as asthma, cough, jaundice, fever, dysentery and as a cardiotonic. The plant is considered to be containing much medicinal value and mature fruit, and tender leaves are also eaten raw and as vegetables by the local people. The plant has not been explored scientifically for its pharmacognostical details. Therefore, the study of morpho-anatomical characters, physicochemical analysis of G. pedunculata was undertaken to establish the pharmacognostic and phytochemical details about the plant. Macro and microscopical studies of leaf showed the presence of simple, petiolate leaf generally obovate-oblong, some elliptic and oblong with obtuse and sub-acute tip and paracytic stomata. Bicollateral vascular bundle covered with sclerenchymatous fibers in leaf and 8-10 layer of collenchyma, scattered pericyclic fiber, the arrangement of phloem in the ring form in stem are some diagnostic features noted from the anatomical study of the plant. Powder microscopy revealed the presence of palisade parenchyma with the epidermis, parenchyma fibers, and scalariform vessels. HPTLC fingerprinting of plant tried with solvent system chloroform and methanol (8:2) confirmed the presence of 09 spots with different Rf value under UV light 366λ.The phytochemical evaluation revealed the presence of carbohydrate, glycoside, saponins, and phenolic compound.
P. C. Gupta *, A. Kar, N. Sharma, N. Sethi, D. Saharia and N. K. Goswami
University Institute of Pharmacy, Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.
19 June 2018
03 July 2018
09 July 2018
01 September 2018