Volume 1 (2014) - Issue 2, February
CALLICARPA MACROPHYLLA: A REVIEW UPDATE ON ITS BOTANY, ETHNOBOTANY, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGY
Callicarpa macrophylla (Verbenaceae) has been commonly used in traditional medicine for a wide range of ailments related to the circulatory, digestive, endocrine, respiratory and skeletal systems as well as to infectious diseases. It provides the up-to-date information that is available on the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of Callicarpa macrophylla. Additio...
COMPARATIVE PHARMACOGNOSTIC STUDY OF LEAVES OF ADHATAODA VASICA AND AILANTHUS EXCELSA
Adhataoda vasica and Ailanthus excelsa are distributed throughout tropical and subtropical parts of India. Their leaves are used as expectorant and bronchodilator. The present investigation deals with the comparative pharmacognostical study of the leaves of the two species and establishment of its quality parameters. Detailed morphological and qualitative as well as the quantitative microscopic st...
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY EVALUATION OF SOME SUBSTITUTED PYRAZOLE DERIVATIVES
A series of substituted acetophenones are condensed with hydrazides to the corresponding hydrazones which are subsequently cyclized by using volumizer-Haack reaction to give new pyrazole derivatives. All the compounds 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d, 4e were screened for antioxidant, anti-inflammatory activity. Few of the compounds showing good antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity....
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND EVALUATION OF VARIOUS EXTRACTS OF LAGENERIA SICERARIA FOR ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY
Lagenaria siceraria was commonly known as Bottle gourd Syn. Doodhi, Syn. Lauki (Hindi) Kadoo (Marathi) which is official in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the crude extracts revealed the presence of carbohydrates, proteins, etc. and secondary metabolites like saponins, glycosides, alkaloids, etc. in all the extracts but tannins were found absent in ethanolic and pe...
STUDY OF ANTIOXIDANT POTENTIALS OF ALKALIPHILIC CYANOBACTERIA ISOLATED FROM LONAR LAKE, INDIA
Seven different Cyanobacterial species belonging to 4 genera were isolated from the alkaline Lake Lonar, situated in the Buldhana district of Maharashtra. The phycocyanin producing ability of all the isolates was screened. All the isolated alkaliphilic cyanobacteria showed more than 10 mgL-1 of phycocyanin. From the seven cultures tested, Synechocystis aquatilis showed the highest production of ...
HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF UVARIA NARUM IN PARACETAMOL-INDUCED HEPATIC DAMAGE IN RATS: A BIOCHEMICAL AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL EVALUATION
Uvaria narum Wall (Annonaceae) is described as a hepatoprotective in Ayurveda, the Indian system of medicine. However, there are no scientific reports in the modern literature regarding its usefulness as a hepatoprotective agent. The present study was carried out to evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of alcoholic (UNAL) and aqueous (UNAQ) extracts of leaves of Uvaria narum Wall in paracetamol-...
DETERMINATION OF FLURBIROFEN IN PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS BY FIRST- ORDER DERIVATIVE SPECTROPHOTOMETRY METHOD
Flurbiprofen is a new non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, one of the propionic acid groups, which has significant anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic properties. Clinically, it is used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, acute musculoskeletal disorders, low back pain, and allied conditions. In this study, the f...
ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF FRACTIONATED LEAF EXTRACTS OF CATHARANTHUS ROSEUS
Antioxidant effectiveness of indigenous medicinal plant C. roseus leaves extracts and fractions with solvents of different polarity (ethanol, methanol, acetone, hexane, butanol, and water) were assessed for DPPH radical scavenging activity. The C. roseus extracts and fractions contained appreciable levels of the antioxidant activities of leaves of C. roseus at various concentrations. The leaves of...
ANTIOXIDANT AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF ORIGANUM MAJORANA IN CCL4- INDUCED LIVER INJURY IN RATS
Objective: The present study was aimed to evaluate the antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of methanolic extract of Origanum majorana aerial parts against CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Materials and Methods: Wistar rats (150-200 g) were divided into five groups each group containing six rats. Group A treated as normal control receives 1% v/v tween-80, p.o for 14 days. Group B received...
NEUROPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF ASCOPHYLLUM NODOSUM ON EXPERIMENTLLY INDUCED GLOBAL CEREBRAL ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION INJURY IN MICE
Background: Ascophyllum nodosum has been used in oriental medicine to treat a variety of remedies, including some neurological disorders. Ascophyllum nodosum rich in phenolic antioxidant (rich in polyphenol) have been identified as major active component exhibiting antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. The present study is to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of Ascophyllum...