PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND EVALUATION OF VARIOUS EXTRACTS OF LAGENERIA SICERARIA FOR ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITYAbstract
Lagenaria siceraria was commonly known as Bottle gourd Syn. Doodhi, Syn. Lauki (Hindi) Kadoo (Marathi) which is official in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the crude extracts revealed the presence of carbohydrates, proteins, etc. and secondary metabolites like saponins, glycosides, alkaloids, etc. in all the extracts but tannins were found absent in ethanolic and pet. ether extract. The defeated powdered material was further used for extraction with different organic solvents, namely: aqueous, ethanol, and pet. ether. There was a significant increase in the percentage of radical scavenging activity of ethanolic extract with an increase in concentration, followed by aqueous then pet. ether extracts. But % RSA of ethanolic extract was lesser than that of ascorbic acid.
L. Banjare * and S. paul
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Shri Rawatpura Sarkar Institute of Pharmacy, Kumhari, Chhatisgarh, India.
06 November 2013
19 January 2014
25 January 2014
01 February 2014