Volume 2 (2015) - Issue 6, June
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF GENUS RUELLIA
The genus Ruellia L. is sometimes called Dipteracanthus, it comprises about 150 species native to tropical and temperate North and South America. In this review, the literature data on phytochemical and biological investigations of the genus Ruellia are compiled. The well-recognized groups of secondary metabolites were flavonoids, lignans, coumarins, alkaloids, triterpenes, sterols, phenolic gly...
ADSORPTION OF HEAVY METAL IONS: ROLE OF CHITOSAN AND CELLULOSE FOR WATER TREATMENT
Rapid industrialization and modernization have introduced substantial amounts of toxic heavy metals into the aquatic and terrestrial environment which possess a severe threat to flora and fauna. In recent years, considerable research work has been done and is currently underway on some natural biopolymers and their modifications to remove different kinds of heavy metal ions. Chitosan and cellulose...
ANTIDIARRHEAL AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF HYDROALCOHOLIC EXTRACTS OF SALVIA SCHIMPERI BENTH FROM ETHIOPIA
In Ethiopian folk medicine, aqueous decoction of the leaves of Salvia schimperi is used for treatments of various ailments including diarrhea, however, to date, there appear to have been no reports on the phytochemistry, the antidiarrhoeal and the antimicrobial activity of the plant. In this study, the hydroalcoholic extract of the leaves of S. schimperi was evaluated for its antidiarrheal and ant...
CHANGES IN TESTIS PROTEIN AND METABOLIC ENZYME ACTIVITIES IN RATS INDUCED BY EPICHLOROHYDRIN
In the present study, an attempt was made to evaluate the changes in testis protein and metabolic enzyme activities induced by epichlorohydrin (ECH), twenty-four albino male rats were divided randomly into four groups of six rats each. One group was left untreated as controls, and the other three groups were administered, respectively, for twelve consecutive weeks, (2) 50 mg of ECH /kg/b.wt, (3) 7...
PHARMACOGNOSY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF LEAF GALLS OF MANGIFERA INDICA L
The leaf galls of Mangifera indica L. are very characteristic and possess medicinal properties, due to their phytochemical profile. Hence, a pharmacognostic and phytochemical study was carried out. The microscopic evaluation of leaf gall powder of Mangifera indica revealed the presence of calcium oxalate crystals, cork cells with resin and sclerites. The anatomy of mature galls exhibited character...
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL STANDARDIZATION OF OROXYLUM INDICUM VENT. ROOT BARK
Oroxylum indicum Vent., Bignoniaceae is one such plant which is extensively used in the Indian system of medicine as an essential ingredients ‘Dashmula’ and also one of the important constituents of a reputed Ayurvedic formulation ‘Chyavanprash.’ The drug consists of root bark of Oroxylum indicum Vent., Bignoniaceae. Identification and quality of the raw drug are necessary for their therap...
PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF STROBILANTHES SESSILIS NEES. LEAVES
Strobilanthes sessilis Nees is a small perennial shrub, found on Kas plateau of the Western Ghats in India. Its standardized Marathi name is Mal Karvy. This shrub belongs to the genus Strobilanthes which was first scientifically described by Nees in the 19th century. Scientific information on its Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry is very scant. Hence, the current study describes some Pharmacognostical...