Volume 1 (2014) - Issue 6, June
A REVIEW- PHYTOMEDICINES USED IN TREATMENT OF DIABETES
Diabetes mellitus (DM), both insulin-dependent DM (IDDM) and non-insulin dependent DM (NIDDM) is a common and serious metabolic disorder throughout the world. Traditional plant treatments have been used throughout the world for the therapy of diabetes mellitus. Among many medications and other alternative medicines, several herbs have been known to cure and control diabetes; additionally, they hav...
REGULATION OF WNT GENES IN STEM CELLS DEVELOPMENT AND ORGANOGENESIS
Stem cell biology, many signals regulated stem cells and organ development. Wnt factors play a crucial role in stem cells development and induced signaling pathway in stem cells. Wnt signals classified as a canonical and non-canonical pathway. Wnt factors regulated both pathways for stem cells self-renewal, proliferation, and differentiation. Wnt canonical pathway induced by Wnt1, Wnt2, Wnt2b, Wnt...
HERBS FOR COMBATTING DERMATOPHYTOSIS- A REVIEW
Infinite varieties of plants- both medicinal and aromatic are seen on the Indian continent. Siddha system of medicine is effectively making use of them. Sage Yugi have classified skin diseases into 18 kuttas. Pundareega kuttam is one among them. It can be correlated to dermatophytosis in modern science. Siddhars, scientists of a sort have found a remedy to the newly emerging mysterious diseases du...
EVALUATION OF ANALGESIC ACTIVITY OF THE DIFFERENT FRACTIONS OF TYPHA ELEPHANTINA ROXB.
This study was aimed to investigate the analgesic activity of the different fractions of Typha elephantina Roxb. Analgesic activity was evaluated for peripheral pharmacological actions using the acetic acid-induced writhing test in Swiss albino mice. The result of preliminary phytochemical screening reveals that different fractions of Typha elephantina Roxb. contains alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins...
ISOLATION AND PURIFICATION OF ANTI-TUMOR ENZYME L-ASPARAGINASE FROM SOIL ISOLATES
16 different bacteria were isolated from soil collected from and near Aurangabad city. All of the isolates were screened for L-asparaginase activity using modified M-9 medium. Spectro-photometric determination of L-asparaginase was done, and it was partially purified using ammonium sulphate precipitation. Out of the bacterial species screened only two were found to be producers of L-asparaginase. ...
OCCURRENCE OF CALCIUM OXALATE CRYSTALS IN THE LEAVES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS
Calcium oxalate crystals have a definite biological function in medicinal plants and act as a good diagnostic tool for the identification and detection of adulterants in crude drugs. The occurrence of calcium oxalate crystals was evident in Moringa pterygesperma, Mentha arvensis, Cissus quadrangularis, Murraya koenigii and Amaranthus gangiticus leaves. Rosette, druse, raphides, acicular and prisma...
STRUCTURAL DAMAGES ON THE TEGUMENT OF THE TAPEWORM RAILLIETINA TETRAGONA CAUSED BY ACACIA CAESIA STEM BARK EXTRACT
Acacia caesia L. (family Mimosaceae) is a well-known shrub in Southeast Asia, where the natives use it for a wide range of purposes. The Mizo tribes of India use the stem bark for the treatment of gastrointestinal infections. The present study is an attempt to elucidate structural changes on the tegument of chicken tapeworm Raillietina tetragona Molin. upon treatment with the methanol extract of A...
EFFECT OF SOFT DRINKS ON IN-VITRO KIDNEY STONE (CALCIUM OXALATE MONOHYDRATE)
Kidney stone is a painful disease which is a major problem in all regions of Pakistan as this country is located in the so-called stone belt. Drastic changes in dietary habits including the use of soft drinks are increasing the incidence of kidney stone disease. To investigate this phenomenon, calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals were induced in artificial urine by mixing calcium chloride and sodi...
ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF LEAVES EXTRACT OF ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA NEES
The present study is part of the continuing programme related to the antihelminthic activity and phytochemical screening of Andrographis paniculata Nees. (Kalmegh) and their enhanced potential on helminths. The antihelminthic activity of the aqueous extract of Andrographis paniculata Nees. leaves against the adult Indian earthworms Pheretima posthuma due to its anatomical and physiological resembl...