Calotropis gigantean Linn. white (Asclepiadaceae), it is a weed plant commonly known as giant milkweed. It has one of the important traditional medicines to treat various ailments. The basic aim of this study to Calotropis gigantea is one such plant. In this review the systematic position, introduction about plant, morphological study, phytochemistry and the economical values of the Calotropis gig...
Oleo-gum resin of Boswellia serrata Roxb. is described in Unani medicine in the name of Kundur. It is commonly known as luban which belongs to the family Burseraceae. Boswellia, or frankincense, harkens back to ancient India and Egypt. Frankincense was one of the four components in the medicinal “Balsam of Jerusalem” from the Franciscan Monastery and, as noted in the Papyrus Ebers, Circa 150...
HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF UVARIA NARUM IN PARACETAMOL-INDUCED HEPATIC DAMAGE IN RATS: A BIOCHEMICAL AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL EVALUATION
Uvaria narum Wall (Annonaceae) is described as a hepatoprotective in Ayurveda, the Indian system of medicine. However, there are no scientific reports in the modern literature regarding its usefulness as hepatoprotective agent. The present study was carried out to evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of alcoholic (UNAL) and aqueous (UNAQ) extracts of leaves of Uvaria narum Wall in paracetamol-in...
POTENTIAL ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF SPONDIAS PINNATA (FAMILY: ANACARDIACEAE) BARK EXTRACT IN RATS WITH STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETES MELLITUS
The present study was to investigate the antioxidant activity of aqueous bark extract of Spondias pinnata (Linn. f.) Kurz (Family: Anacardiaceae) in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by the activities of liver enzymes, antioxidant enzymes, and extent of lipid peroxidation (LPO) in the liver of streptozotocin (STZ) ‑diabetic rats. S. pinnata extract decr...
PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHANGES THAT OCCURS DURING FERMENTATION OF ARISHTAM (A HYDRO ALCOHOLIC CLASS OF DRUG OF AYURVEDA)
The present study was to evaluate the physico-chemical changes that take place in vasarishta during the manufacturing of the arishtams (hydro alcohol class of drug of Ayurveda). The manufacturing process of the Arishtams usually takes 21 -30 days. The time period of the entire study was 21 days. Batch fermentation was done for a period of 14 days after which the fermentation process was inhibite...
The stem of Spermadictyon suaveolens Roxb. (Rubiaceae) was evaluated for its pharmacognostic characteristics. The stem was assessed for its macroscopic, organoleptic, microscopic and phytochemical characters. The macroscopic study revealed variation in color of stem when fresh and dried. The macroscopic evaluation was studied with parameters viz. colour, odour, shape and surface in fresh and dry c...
Aristolochia bracteolate is a small glabrous shrub occurring in India. It belongs to the family Aristolochiaceae. The whole plant is used in various ailments like abortifacient, alterative, anthelmintic, antiperiodic, emmenagogue and purgative. The stem and root having the aristolochia acid (Alkaloid). The leaves and roots are used to rid the body of Guinea worm (a parasitic infection caused by ...
DIOSPYROS MELANOXYLON ROXB IN CANCER PREVENTION: PHARMACOLOGICAL SCREENING, PHARMACOKINETICS AND CLINICAL STUDIES
Plants contain a galaxy of phytoconstituents which accounts for their remedial worth. This plant has been used expansively for its medicinal value all over the world. Different plant parts have been used for its different pharmacological screening, including cancer therapy and leaves can be wrapped to create the “beedi” filled with tobacco which has outsold conventional cigarettes in India. Ex...
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is being one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality, which seriously threatens the health of human beings. Worldwide around 366 million people are found to be affected by diabetes. DM is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Absence or insufficient production of insulin, or an inability of the body to properly use...
COMPARATIVE PHYSICO CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF VYOSHADIVATI– AN AYURVEDIC POLYHERBAL FORMULATION W.S.R TO MARKET SAMPLES
The quality control assessment of herbal formulations is of great significance in order to justify their acceptability in modern system of medicine though the drug may be therapeutically potent. Ayurvedic formulations prepared by several manufacturers are guaranteed to carry out the quality control test as per the standards mentioned in the Ayurvedic Formulary of India. Though the standards have b...