Volume 2 (2015) - Issue 1, January
A REVIEW ON ANTI-ULCER ACTIVITY OF POLYHERBAL SIDDHA FORMULATION “YELATHY CHOORANAM”
Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) is an inflammation along the mucosal lining of esophagus, stomach or duodenum or anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract. PUD is the most common gastrointestinal disorder in clinical practice because of alteration in lifestyle and food habits. The main symptoms related to PUD are Indigestion, heartburns, burning pain or abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, constipation, bloa...
WOUND HEALING MEDICINAL PLANT OF INDIA: A REVIEW
The traditional Indian medicine - Ayurveda, describes various herbs, fats, oils and minerals with anti-aging as well as wound healing properties. Wounds are the result of injuries to the skin that disrupt the soft tissue. Wound healing can be defined as a complex dynamic process results in the restoration of anatomic continuity and function. Various plant products have been used in the treatment o...
ANTIOXIDANT EFFECT OF CRUDE WATER EXTRACT OF VETIVERIA ZIZANIOIDES (GRAMINEAE) IN MICE WITH ACETAMINOPHEN INDUCED HEPATOTOXICITY
Acetaminophen (APAP) is widely used as an analgesic and antipyretic drug. The large dose of APAP results in severe hepatic necrosis due to the oxidative stress. This work evaluates the antioxidant activity of crude water extract of Vetiveria zizanioides roots against a single dose of APAP induced acute hepatotoxicity. Mice were treated with 300 mg/kg of APAP dissolved in saline and fasted for 16 h...
SYNTHESIS OF SOME NEW ANTIMICROBIAL 5,6,7,8-TETRAHYDROPYRIMIDO [4,5-b] QUINOLONE DERIVATIVES
2-Amino-1-aryl-1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8-hexahydro-4-phenyl-quinoline-3-carbonitrile derivatives were synthesized by the reaction of cyclohexanone (1) with 2-benzylidine-malononitrile (2) and the appropriate of aniline derivatives. The reactivity of some of these newly synthesized derivatives toward carbon disulfide and further toward hydrazonoyl halides were also studied. Also, the antimicrobial activity ...
ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF LAGENARIA SICERARIA CRUDE EXTRACT OBTAINED FROM ITS FLOWERS
Many herbal remedies have been employed in various medical systems for the treatment and management of different diseases. The plant Lagenaria siceraria, a plant belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae, has been used in the different system of traditional medication for the treatment of diseases and ailments of human beings. The n-hexane extract of Lagenaria siceraria was screened for antimicrobial ...
HERBS AND HERBAL TEAS WITH ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES COMPARABLE TO OR SUPERIOR THAN THOSE OF CAMELLIA SINENSIS
The antioxidant properties of 20 herbs and 28 herbal teas were analyzed in comparison with those of Camellia sinensis based on total phenolic content (TPC), free radical scavenging (FRS) activity, ferric reducing power (FRP) and ferrous ion chelating (FIC) ability. The main objective was to find out if there are herbs and herbal teas with antioxidant properties comparable to or superior to those o...
NEUROCHEMICAL SCREENING OF PTEROSPERMUM ACERIFOLIUM IN ANIMAL MODELS
Pterospermum acerifolium is a common to plant in India is considered carminative, stimulant and emmenagogue. In the present study, the ethanol extract of the bark of Pterospermum acerifolium has been evaluated for Neurochemical study. Treatment with ethanolic extract of Pterospermum acerifolium was found to significantly decrease the serum levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), corticostero...
ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGAL DIVERSITY AND ROOT COLONIZATION OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS RHIZOSPHERE SOIL OF VRIDDHACHALAM, TAMIL NADU.
The present study was to analyze the occurrence of mycorrhizal diversity in 20 medicinal plants of Vriddhachalam, Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu and to explore for structures correlated to the possible functional position of the symbiosis. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal colonization ranged from 24-81%. The highest infection was found in Justicia gendarussa and lowest in Naregamia alata. AM fungal s...
CYTOTOXIC EFFECT OF ALPINIA NIGRA CRUDE EXTRACTS OBTAINED FROM ITS RHIZOMES
The present study was aimed to investigate the cytotoxic activity of different fractions (petroleum ether, ethyl acetate & chloroform) of the rhizome of Alpinia nigra – a plant belonging to the family Zingiberaceae. The rhizome of Alpinia nigra was extracted with organic solvent, and the extracts were fractionated by using three fractions (petroleum ether, ethyl acetate & chloroform). Th...
PHYTOCONSTITUTENTS OF MEDICINALLY IMPORTANT PLANT ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA NEES
Andrographis paniculata Nees is a plant that has been effectively used in traditional Asian medicines for centuries. It’s perceived “blood purifying” property and also for medicinal properties. The present paper deals to study the phytochemical screening of Andrographis paniculata for various medicinally important compounds. In the present investigation, it was found that phenols, alkaloids,...