Volume 1 (2014) - Issue 9, September
PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGY OF THREE PIPER SPECIES: AN UPDATE
In this review, the current knowledge on the phytochemistry and pharmacology of Piper betle (betel), Piper sarmentosum (wild pepper) and Piper caninum (wild betel) is updated with some description of their botany and uses. Leaves of P. betle contain polyphenols, alkaloids, and essential oils, and display broad-spectrum antibacterial activity, substantial quorum sensing inhibition and tyrosinase en...
BIOACTIVE CONSTITUENTS, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CHENOPODIUM ALBUM: A MIRACLE WEED
Chenopodium album L. (family Chenopodiaceae), a noxious weed globally distributed that is a large genus commonly known as white goosefoot and fat-hen, melde, pigweed, lamb’s quarters, lambsquarters or local names. It has nutritious value and more than thirteen compounds accounted and subsistence food crop; seed are processed into flour for pancakes and bread. It is boiled and mixed with oth...
INDIAN HERBAL MEDICINES USED FOR TREATMENT OF DEMENTIA: AN OVERVIEW
Dementia is a progressive neurological disease of the brain. It demolishes the vital brain cells, causing trouble with memory, thinking, and behavior, brutal enough to affect work, lifelong hobbies, and social life. Recognized factors in dementia include acetylcholine deficiency, free radicals, and inflammation of the brain tissue. Since, the drugs and natural remedies have been prescribed to enha...
AMINO ACID ANALYSIS USING ION- EXCHANGE CHROMATOGRAPHY: A REVIEW
Amino acids are biologically active substances, and a number of them are essential for living beings. Amino acids are found in living cells as well as in body fluids of higher animals, in amounts, which vary according to the tissue and particular amino acid. Amino acid analysis refers to the methodology used to determine the amino acid composition or content of proteins, peptides, and other pharma...
REPELLENT ACTIVITIES OF SOME INDIGENOUS MEDICINAL PLANTS AGAINST THE STORED GRAIN PESTS TRIBOLIUM CASTANEUM (HBST.) (COLEOPTERA: TENEBRIONIDAE)
The petroleum (Pet.E), methanol (MeOH) and chloroform (CHCl3) extracts of Rauvolfia canescens (whole plant), Desmodium heterocarpon (whole plant) and Vitex negundo (leaf CHCl3 MeOH and root Pet. E.) have been thoroughly screened through residual film assay against T. castaneum adults and the repellent activity tests were also carried out on the same to find biological activities. The residual film...
ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF SELECTED PLANT EXTRACTS ON PERIDIOPSORA MORI CAUSING BROWN RUST IN MULBERRY
Peridiopsora mori (Barclay) K.V. Prasad, B.R.D. Yadav & Sullia is one of the fungi which cause brown leaf rust on Mulberry (Morus spp.). Leaf rust disease is one of the major diseases affecting Mulberry (Morus sp.). Synthetic fungicides are commonly applied to reduce disease; however, its improper use may cause residual toxicity on silkworm, environmental and health problems. The extracts of a...
ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OFCISSUS PALLIDA
Herbs have been widely used for centuries as remedies for diseased human conditions as they have certain phytochemicals of diseases curing nature. The present study explains the antimicrobial (antibacterial & antifungal) potential of dried stem wood of Cissuspallida methanolic extract against bacterial strains of Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli,...
BIOACTIVE COMPOUND IDENTIFICATION, PHYTOCHEMICAL ESTIMATION, IN-VITRO ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF PUPALIA LAPPACEA
Pupalia lappacea Juss belongs to the family Amaranthaceae useful in the bone fracture treatment, antimalarial, pyrexia, wounds, cough, toothache and boils. The present investigation was aimed to identify the phytocompounds by GC-MS, investigate phytochemically and to screen anti-inflammatory and antioxidant property by in-vitro methods. Bioactive compounds were identified using GC- MS; functional ...
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF MARINE MACRO ALGAE AMPHIROA ANCEPS USING THREE SOLVENT EXTRACTS
The antibacterial activity and phytochemical screening of red algae Amphiroa anceps were using three different solvents like aqueous, methanol and ethyl acetate extracts. The phytochemical screening of macroalgae showed the presence of flavonoids and terpenoids in methanol and ethyl acetate extract. The aqueous extract of Amphiroa anceps observed only tannins. The eight human pathogenic bacteria l...