BIOACTIVE CONSTITUENTS, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CHENOPODIUM ALBUM: A MIRACLE WEEDAbstract
Chenopodium album L. (family Chenopodiaceae), a noxious weed globally distributed that is a large genus commonly known as white goosefoot and fat-hen, melde, pigweed, lamb’s quarters, lambsquarters or local names. It has nutritious value and more than thirteen compounds accounted and subsistence food crop; seed are processed into flour for pancakes and bread. It is boiled and mixed with other ingredients to make a kind of gruel, or is roasted and ground for porridge or also used for preparing fermented and alcoholic beverages. Medicinally it is used to cure the diseases of blood, heart, spleen, and eye and in biliousness conditions, anti-cancer property, antipruritic and antinociceptive activities. The plant traditionally used as a laxative, anthelmintic, blood-purifier, antiscorbutic, appetizer, aphrodisiac and tonic. It is nutraceutical food, an alternative source for nutrients. The plant contains essential oils, besides alkaloids, trigonelline, chenopodine, potassium and vitamin C, total phenol flavonoid glycosides (quercetin, rutin, and kaempferol). The major class of phytoconstituents includes nonpolar lipid, phenols, and lignins, alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides and saponins.
S. P. Choudhary and D. K. Sharma *
Botany Research Lab, P.G. Department of Botany, Agrawal P.G. College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
12 April 2014
18 August 2014
28 August 2014
01 September 2014