ZINGIBER ZERUMBET: A REVIEW ON PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITYAbstract
Introduction: The Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Roscoe ex Smith plant, popularly known as shampoo ginger, is a member of the Zingiberaceae family also popular as wild ginger, pine cone ginger, Martinique ginger, and pinecone lily. The species is indigenous to Malaysia, Indonesia, and tropical Indo-Malesian India. It is commonly grown in the Asian tropics, specifically in China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan), Taiwan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The distribution of it is currently pantropical. Zerumbet Ginger is a subterranean tuberous rhizome that is pale yellow on the interior and a tall, erect, herbaceous plant with pseudostems that grows in bunches up to 0.6-2 m tall. The rhizome powder is used in many places to treat severe pain, toothache, asthma, cough, worms, leprosy, and other stomach problems. Method: Utilizing databases such as Research Gate, Science Direct, Web of Science, and Google Scholar, Pub Med, Scopus, and online books along with some botanical websites a literature review was completed. Results: The result or the review study of Zingiber zerumbet concluded that it have a wide potential for further medical research and uses as it poses a wide range of pharmacological activity like anti inflammatory, anti bacterialanti viral, anti-asthmatic, antileishmanial, cytotoxic, analgesis, anti oxidant, anti mutagenic, anti allergic, anti nociceptic, anti antherosclerotic, immunomodulatory, anti pyretic, anti protozoal, anti tumour, anti cancer. Due to the presence of phytoconstituents like alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, lipids, polyphenols and terpenoids and isolated compound called Zerumbone medical activity can be triggered and below a comprehensive review of its has been given. Conclusion: This review can help us better understand regarding the plant Zingiber zerumbet from medical and research prospective for further research.
Sushilta Pradhan * and Bapi Ray Sarkar
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, University of North Bengal, Siliguri, West Bengal, India.
08 June 2023
28 June 2023
29 June 2023
30 June 2023