THESPESIA POPULNEA LINN.: A REVIEWAbstract
Thepesia populnea Linn. (Family- Malvaceae) is one of the important drugs used in Herbal medicines. It is known by the name Paras-pipal. It is often cultivated for ornament and shade, and it blooms throughout the year in the tropics. Various parts of this plant are found to possess useful medicinal properties, such as antifertility, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, purgative, and hepatoprotective activities. The yellow juice of fruits is employed in treating certain hepatic diseases. A decoction of the bark is given internally in the diseases of the skin and that of the fruits as an antidote for poisoning. The seed possesses purgative properties. The plant is useful in malaria. A wide range of biologically active compounds such as flavonoids, sesquiterpenoids, tannin, saponins, alkanes, essential oil, sugars, fatty acids, and antioxidants are present in the plant. This contribution provides a comprehensive review of its ethnomedicinal uses, chemical constituents and pharmacological profile as a medicinal plant.