SCOPE OF BLACK PEPPER PIPER NIGRUM L. EXTRACT IN PEST CONTROLAbstract
Black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) is a widely used spice around the world. It has also been explored for its biological properties and bioactive compounds. The significance and efficacy of black pepper and its bioactive compounds in insecticidal, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal infections are well-acknowledged throughout the world. The secondary metabolites of Piper nigrum L. are responsible for these activities. Piperine is one of the potent components in pest control due to its pungent smell. Eventually, efficient and optimal extraction methodologies are obligatory for the most competent functionalization of black pepper extract. Plausible reports are supporting its impact and application as a natural pesticide to control the pest abundance. The novel, environmentally benevolent natural pesticides are essential for pest control. In this review paper, we tried to summarize all potential, rapid, simple, feasible, and sustainable methods for black pepper extraction, isolation, and mode of action as a pest regulator. Lethal concentration, doses, and application time are the major regulating factors of a natural pesticide. Changes in the growth and developmental stages of target pests consequently fluctuate black pepper extract’s application rate and efficiency. It also contains bio-enhancing properties. Synergistic effects of piperine along with other secondary components of black pepper are the way to chemical-free natural pesticides.
Nitu Sinha and Sonali Ray *
Tea Chemistry and Pharmacology Laboratory, Department of Tea Science, University of North Bengal, Raja Rammohunpur, Bairatisal, West Bengal, India.
07 July 2021
17 September 2021
19 September 2021
30 September 2021