PLANT PROFILE, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGY OF BAUHINIA VARIEGATA LINN. (KACHNAR): AN-OVERVIEWAbstract
Bauhinia Variegata Linn. is a widely used medicinal plant distributed in the tropical regions throughout the world. Its various part i.e. flowers, flower buds, stem, roots, stem bark, seeds, leaves have been used since ancient times for the treatment of a large range of diseases such as dysentery, diarrhoea, haemorrhoids, piles, oedema, laxative, anthelmintic, astringent, antileprotic, wound healing, antigoitrogenic, antitumor, antidote for snake poisoning, dyspepsia, carminative etc. The plant contains several flavonoids, steroids, glycosides, reducing sugars as active constituents that bring about its biological effects. Preclinical (in-vivo and in-vitro) investigations have demonstrated pharmacological activities such as antioxidant, hypolipidemic, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, insecticidal, antibacterial, antidiabetic, antiulcer, hepatoprotective, anti-arthritic, anti-mutagenic, cytotoxic, trypsin inhibitor, anti-goitrogenic. This review represents a detailed survey of literature on plant profile, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activities of Bauhinia variegate Linn.
R. Irchhaiya, A. Kumar *, H. Gurjar, N. Gupta, S. Kumar and M. Kumar
Department of Pharmacognosy, Institute of Pharmacy, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi Uttar Pradesh, India.
13 March 2014
16 April 2014
28 April 2014
01 May 2014