PHYTOPHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACOGNOSTIC PROPERTIES OF FICUS BENGHALENSIS – A REVIEWAbstract
Since, ancient time, plants have been an exemplary source of medicine. Ayurveda and other Indian literature mention the use of plants in the treatment of various human ailments. Ficus benghalensis Linn is a large evergreen tree found throughout forest tracts of India. It is a popular indigenous system of medicine like Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homeopathy. In the traditional system of medicine, various plants part such as stem bark, root bark aerial roots, vegetative bubs, leaves, fruits, and latex are used in dysentery, diarrhea, diabetes leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, nervous disorders, tonic and astringent. According to the ayurvedic system of medicine, Ficus benghalensis Linn. (Banyan tree) is well known to be useful in diabetes. The present review is, therefore, an effort to give a detailed survey of the literature on its pharmacognosy, phytochemistry, traditional and pharmacological uses.
S. Chaudhary *, S. Alok, S. K. Jain, D. K. Chanchal and A. Dongray
Institute of Pharmacy Bundelkhand University Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
15 October 2015
26 November 2015
29 November 2015
30 December 2015