PHYSIOCHEMICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF FIVE VARIETIES OF ARTOCARPUS SEED OILSAbstract
Soxhlet extraction method was used for the extraction of oil from five variety seeds of the jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus, Artocarpus integrifolia, Artocarpus hircitus, Artocarpus inciscus, and Artocarpus integer), planned to explore its suitability for salutary uses with a special emphasis on its physiochemical characterization, spectrophotometric spectral analysis and evaluation of phytochemical constituents. Physiochemical properties include acid value, saponification value, iodine value, peroxide value, Reichert-Meissl value (RMV) and Polenske value were examined and compared with standard oils. Spectrophotometric analysis of oils was carried out to obtain information regarding the types, numbers, and position of chromophores and auxochrome and saturated and unsaturated compounds. Phytochemical constituent’s phenols, flavonoids, alkaloids, and tannins were determined in increasing concentration from 25 mg/ml to 100 mg/ml in five varieties of jackfruit seed oils. This inquiry concludes that the seed oils can support in the maintenance of health as the trend of the future is moving towards using seed oil as medicine in the management of various chronic diseases.
N. Sirisha٭ and T. Raghava Rao
Department of Biochemistry, College of Science and Technology, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.
11 October 2014
02 November 2014
15 November 2014
01 December 2014