PHARMACOGNOSTICAL STANDARDIZATION ON THE ROOTS OF AGNIMANTHA – PREMNA SERRATIFOLIA LINN.Abstract
Present communication deals with the pharma-cognostical standardization on the roots of Agnimantha (Premna serratifolia L. (syn. P. integrifolia L.) belong to the family Verbenaceae. It is an important medicinal plant used in many Ayurvedic formulations. According to Ayurveda the roots and leaves are the most useful parts of the plant. It is one among the Dashamula. Macro, microscopical and physicochemical studies were carried out as per the latest Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, part-1, volume-8 protocols to establish its Pharmacognostical standards. Studies revealed the presence of abundant, simple to compound starch grains with prominent hilum in the center, cork cells filled with yellowish brown pigmented cells, starch grains in the medullary rays, abundant xylem vessels with bordered pits and tracheids with pits, prism-shaped crystals in the cortex region. Phytochemical studies showed the presence of carbohydrates, alkaloids, phenols, tannins, etc.
M. P. Reddy *, T. R. Shantha, V. R. Rao, N. Shiddamallayya and A. K. Dixit
Regional Ayurveda Research Institute for Metabolic Disorders, (CCRAS, Ministry of Ayush, Government of India), Ashoka Pillar, Jayanagar, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
01 March 2018
16 April 2018
17 June 2018
01 July 2018