PHARMACOGNOSTIC STUDY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL POTENTIALS OF COSTUS IGNEUS PLANT – REVIEWAbstract
The Plant Costus igneus is a member of the Costaceae family. The family Costaceae has about 200 species, of which genus Costus being largest comprises about 104 species. Costus igneus is indigenous to South-East Asia. Costus igneus is often called as ‘Insulin plant’ as it helps to elevate the insulin levels in the body and hence, works as a hypoglycemic agent. The phytochemical analysis of the leaves of Costus igneus revealed that it has higher compositions of iron, protein, and antioxidant substances such as ascorbic acid, α-tocopherol, β-carotene, terpenoids, steroids, and flavonoids. The traditional utilization of this plant included promoting healthy life and age, treating rashes, asthma, and bronchitis, reducing fever and eliminating intestinal worms. This article aims to review the pharmacognostic study of Costus igneus and explore its pharmacological activities such as antidiabetic activity, antiproliferative activity, antimicrobial activity, antiurolithiatic activity, its effects on learning and memory, antioxidant activity, hepatoprotective activity, etc.
Lavanya Athilli *, A. Fatimah Siddiqui, Fahad Hussain and Eenaz Ajaz Hussain Parvez
Department of Pharmacognosy, Sultan-ul-Uloom College of Pharmacy, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
27 September 2021
11 December 2021
15 December 2021
31 December 2021