PHARMACOGNOSTIC, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CAESALPINIA SAPPAN PLANTAbstract
Caesalpinia sappan L. is a member of the Caesalpiniaceae family. It originated from India through Myanmar and Thailand to peninsular Malaysia to Indochina and south china. It is also called Brazilin. The heartwood of Caesalpinia sappan contains water soluble properties that color to transform into the red. When oxidation process occurred. The chemical constituents investigation of sappan wood resulted that it has phenolic components, including one xanthine, one coumarin, three chalcone, 2 flavones, three homoisoflavonoid and Brazilin. The traditional Chinese medicine brazilin is used to treat increased blood circulation, promote menstruation, and exhibit analgesic property. The article aims to review the pharmacognostic study of Caesalpinia sappan and explore its pharmacological properties such as antioxidant activity, antibacterial activity, antiacne activity, anti-inflammatory activity, hepatic-protective, anticancer activity, and larvicidal activity.
Areeb Husain Thangal, C. R. Shibu Prasanth *, M. L. Lal Prasanth and V. Anu
Department of Pharmacognosy, DM WIMS College of Pharmacy, Naseera Nagar, Meppadi P O, Wayanad, Kerala, India.
01 August 2022
11 December 2022
12 December 2022
31 December 2022