PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF THE FAGONIA ARABICA STEM- A POTENT INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTAbstract
Context: Dhamaso, botanically known as a Fagonia Arabica is an important plant in Ayurveda and in folklore medicine, but little is known about its pharmacognostic evaluation. Objectives: In the present investigation, the detailed pharmacognostic study of Fagonia arabica stem is carried out to lay down the standards which could be useful in future experimental studies. Materials & Methods: The present study included macroscopy, microscopy, preliminary phytochemical screening, and physicochemical evaluation. Results: Macroscopy reveals the organoleptic properties of the stem, and the microscopic study shows the presence uni-seriate to tri-seriate medullary rays and brownish matter in pith region as diagnostic characters. Water-soluble ash value is more than acid insoluble ash indicates that the acid-insoluble siliceous matter was less than that of water-soluble ash. The preliminary phytochemical investigations indicate the presence of glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, sterols, carbohydrates, amino acids, etc.
R. Prajapati *, K. Davra, M. Kalariya, G. Sailor and V. Jain
Department of Pharmacognosy, Bhagwan Mahavir College of Pharmacy, Gujarat Technological University, Surat, Gujarat, India.
04 April 2020
12 June 2020
27 June 2020
01 July 2020