PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF NYCTANTHES ARBOR-TRISTIS STEMAbstract
Objective: To study detailed pharmacognostic characters of the stem of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (Oleaceae), along with their physicochemical parameters, fluorescence analysis, and phytochemical screening. Methods: The pharmacognostic characters were determined in terms of macroscopy, microscopy, powder microscopy, physicochemical analysis, fluorescence analysis and preliminary phytochemical investigation of the plant stem. Results: The microscopic study shows the general characteristic of the stem. Physico-chemical investigation shows the total ash, acid insoluble ash, water-soluble ash were 8.69 ± 0.17% w/w, 0.21 ± 0.11% w/w, and 3.92 ± 0.05% w/w respectively. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of various phytochemical groups like alkaloids, glycosides, steroids, phenolic, tannins constituents. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the established pharmacognostic profile of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis stem will help develop pharmacopoeial standards for correct identification and quality control.
B. C. Joshi *, N. Chauhan, Sukanya and S. Uniyal
Sardar Bhagwan Singh Post Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences and Research, Balawala, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
16 February 2018
25 March 2018
30 March 2018
01 June 2018