PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF CARYOTA URENS LEAFAbstract
Caryota urens (Palmae) is native to India. This tree species has been of interest to researchers because it is a medicinal plant employed in the indigenous Indian system of medicine. Pharmacognostic standardization, physic-chemical evaluation of the leaves of Caryota urens was carried out to determine its macro-and microscopical characters and also some insoluble ash and sulfated ash values, alcohol- and water-soluble extractive values were determined for phytochemical evaluations. Preliminary phytochemical screening was also done to detect different phytoconstituents. Microscopically, leaf showed lamina, midrib regions, stomata. Powder microscopy showed mesophyll region, pitted xylem vessels and paracytic stomata. TLC of petroleum ether and ethanol extract showed three spots using hexane: ethyl acetate (12:4) and three spots using chloroform: ethyl acetate (5:4). Phytochemically leaves exhibited phytosterols, flavanoids, tannin carbohydrates, and phenolic compounds.
M. R. Patel *, H. S. Panchal and A. K. Saluja
Indubhai Patel Pharmacy College & Research Center, Dharmaj, Gujarat, India
07 October 2015
26 November 2015
29 November 2015
30 December 2015