MORPHO-ANATOMICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISATION OF TRADITIONALLY USED PLANT RUELLIA TUBEROSA L. LEAVES AND ROOTSAbstract
The objective of the present study is to develop the pharmacognostic and phytochemical profiles of Ruellia tuberosa L. leaf and root. The present study considers the detail investigation of macroscopy, microscopy, preliminary qualitative phytochemical analysis, physicochemical evaluations, and chromatography profiling. The microscopical investigation was adopted to identify the cellular powder characters of leaves and roots, including diacytic stomata, few sessile glandular trichomes, profuse oil globules, exfoliating cork, few small schizogenous oil cavities, cystolith, etc. Physicochemical parameters reveal the data of quality, purity while phytochemical screening reflects the presence of various secondary metabolites. The chromatographic fingerprint data represent the authenticity of plant sample. Data obtained from botanical and chemical screening in combination may be considered as standard for identification and authentication of leaves and roots and may be helpful in developing pharmacopoeial standards.
S. Dutta *, K. Hazra, S. Ghosal, D. Paria, J. Hazra and M. M. Rao
Department of Pharmacognosy, Central Ayurveda Research Institute for Drug Development, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
21 December 2019
25 January 2020
29 January 2020
31 January 2020