MEDICINAL EFFECT OF KAMEELA AND AMRAZE JILDIYA (SKIN DISEASES) DESCRIBED IN UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE AND CURRENT RESEARCH-AN OVERVIEWAbstract
Kameela or Kamala is a well known Unani drug which is being used as medicament from centuries for the treatment of Amraze Jildiya (skin disease) by Unani Physicians and also mentioned their medicinal efficacy in Unani classical text. It is widely scattered perennial shrub or small tree in tropical and subtropical region regions with an altitude below the 1,000 m and is a description to have a broad range of pharmacological activities. There are many chemical constituents documented such as phenols, steroids diterpenoids, triterpenoids, flavonoids, coumarins, isocoumarins, cardenolides and particularly phenols; that is, bergenin, mallotophilippinens, rottlerin, and isorottlerin have been isolated, identified, and reported different biological activities such as antimicrobial, cytotoxicity, antifungal, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory. Roghan Kameela and Zimad Jarb are well established compound drug of Unani system for the treatment of Jarb (Scabies) and Kharish (itching) which is time tested and safe. The present review reveals that Mallotus philippinensis is a precious source of natural medicament and provides persuasive support for its potential use in a modern medicament.