ETHNOMEDICINAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF ATROPA BELLADONNA: A REVIEWAbstract
Humans have used flora’s resources to cure a variety of ailments for thousands of years. Atropa belladonna is currently a vital plant in research and medicine due to the compounds it contains. Atropa belladonna is a perennial plant that is exceedingly dangerous. It originates from the Solanaceae family. Deadly Nightshade is the common name for Atropa belladonna. The medicine “Atropine” is mostly derived from it. They are poisonous because they contain alkaloids like scopolamine and hyoscyamine. However, everyone agrees that the size is similar to a typical cherry and that the fruit of the atropa is neither sweet nor bitter tasting. Some individuals find the smell of the entire plant to be particularly sickening. These are employed in a variety of industries, including medicine, science, and cosmetics. This plant requires rich, wet soil, a lot of fertilizer, and a weed-free habitat. primarily used as a medication to treat skin wounds, during operations, reduce muscle discomfort, enlarge pupils, and treat disorders of the brain and nerves, such as whooping cough, asthma, neuralgia, sciatica, and gout. Before coronary care units were developed, this was employed in cardiology to treat bradycardia and heart block following myocardial infarction. Many medical conditions have been treated with belladonna in modern times. This article discusses how Atropa belladonna is used medically.
Jyotirmoy Das * and Bapi Ray Sarkar
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, University of North Bengal, Darjeeling, West-Bengal, India.
27 July 2023
25 August 2023
30 August 2023
31 August 2023