ETHNOBOTANICAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY & PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF STACHYTARPHETA JAMAICENSIS (L.) VAHL. – AN UPDATED REVIEWAbstract
Aim: The objective of the present review is to compile & explore published literature on ethno botanical uses, pharmacognostic studies, phytochemicals, and pharmacological activities of Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl from 2016 to till date. Background: Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl, an under shrub belongs to the family Verbenaceae. The plant is native to the tropical Americas and has been used traditionally by various ethnic groups of this region. Though regarded as a weed or invasive species in many parts of the world, research works report the plant being used for medicinal purposes, as animal feed and as ornamental or hedge plant. Material & Methods: The review was undertaken by literature search through electronic databases such as PubMed and Google scholar, reported from 2016 to till date. Review results: The different parts of the plant are used in various ailments like fever, skin diseases, diabetes and respiratory problems. Flavonoid, tannins, saponins, glycosides are the chief bioactive constituents reported to be present which are responsible for several pharmacological activities. Pharmacological studies report wound healing, antibacterial, anticancer, anti-trypanosomal, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic activities. Conclusion: Published literature reports numerous ethno botanical uses of Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl. A few of which have been experimentally evaluated through in-vitro and in-vivo studies. Further systematic clinical studies may be taken up to evaluate the plant to develop effective drugs and introduce into the community.
H. A. Rao *, P. L. Hegde, Pradeep and P. N. Rao
Department of Dravyaguna, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Ayurveda & Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka, India.
05 February 2022
25 February 2022
26 February 2022
28 February 2022