CONCEPT OF KIDNEY DISEASE IN UNANI LITERATURE-A REVIEWAbstract
Kidney is a vital organ of the human body which performs the very important function of formation of urine. Unani system of medicine has illustrated its anatomy, physiology and diseases occurred due to its different abnormalities. Kidney has the four common powers viz; Quwwate Jazibah (absorptive power), Quwwate Hazimah (digestive power), Quwwate Masikah (retentive power) and Quwwate Dafiah (power of excretion) and one special power Quwwate Momaiyazah (power of discrimination) which is responsible for the normal functioning of the kidney. Quwwate momaiyazah is mainly responsible for the separation and discrimination of the waste constituents come with blood, and finally makes the urine. Kidney has four types of disease like Amraz Sue Mizaj, Amraz Sue Tarkeeb, Amraz Sudda, and Amraze Tafarruque Ittesal. All the diseases regarding kidney come under this at least one of the four headings. Understanding of Unani physiological aspect and disease condition of the kidney will pave the path of its prevention and cure.